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Tezpur – Historically Rich, Culturally Colourful


Tezpur is a beautiful city located on the northern banks of river Brahmaputra. It is the district headquarters of the Sonitpur district. Tezpur is widely known for its cultural superiority. It is not only a cultural hub but also an educational destination apart from having a rich history. The word Tezpur is derived from the Sanskrit words "tez" meaning "blood" and "pura" meaning "town".

Multifaceted Tezpur

Geographically, Tezpur has been blessed with the plains, the mountain views and a mighty river. Nature has been abundant here. While the Brahmaputra never fails to impress one and all, the Kolia Bhomora Bridge, which is a 3015-metre-long bridge connecting the Sonitpur district to the Nagaon district, is impressive in its own way. Tezpur tourism is further enhanced by Agnigarh, the most famous attraction of the city. From the top of Agnigarh, one can see the entire city.

Tourist Places If Interest In Tezpur

Bhairabi Temple, Cole Park, Kolia Bhomora Setu, Padum Pukhuri, etc. serve as interesting attractions for tourists; there are a few temples dedicated to Lord Shiva which are worth seeing, like the Ketakeshwar Dewal, Mahabhairav Temple, Rudrapada, Nag Shankar Temple, etc.

Tezpur In Mythology And History

According to mythology, this place saw the romance between Prince Aniruddha, grandson of Krishna, and Usha, the daughter of Banasura. However, when Banasura, the demon king, came to know about their love, he imprisoned the young prince. Enraged, Lord Krishna attacked the area and fought a fierce battle. It is believed that there was so much bloodshed in the area that the place came to be known as the City of Blood – Tezpur.

Modern Tezpur, however, came to prominence in 1835 when the British made the town the headquarters of the Darrang district. Because of its strategic location and its proximity to Arunachal Pradesh, Tezpur has a large army and Air Force presence. The Air Force Base in Tezpur also has a Sukhoi base (India has only two such bases, the other one being at Pune).

Tezpur, The Cultural Capital Of Assam

Culturally, there are several names that are linked with Tezpur. Jyoti Prasad Agarwala, the first Assamese film-maker, Kalaguru Bishnu Prasad Rabha, the revolutionary singer and Phani Sharma, a renowned film-maker and actor were all born here. The city is also known as the Cultural Capital of Assam.

How To Reach Tezpur

Tezpur has a small airport that has regular flights to Kolkata and Silchar. It also has a railway line that is only connected to Rangiya and Rangapara. However, the roadways are the lifeline of the city that connects it to all parts of Assam.

Tezpur Weather

Tezpur generally receives high rainfall. It experiences scorching summers and pleasant winters. During the summer, temperature soars up to 36 degrees Celsius and during the winters, the temperature would drop to as low as about 7 degrees Celsius. The city sees heavy rainfall during the monsoons.

Tezpur is Famous for

Tezpur Weather

Best Season / Best Time to Visit Tezpur

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How to Reach Tezpur

  • By Road
    Roadways are lifelines to Tezpur. From Guwahati, there are two routes to reach Tezpur. One is via Mangaldai and Udalbari on the National Highway 52 (166 kilometres) while the other is via Nagaon on the National Highway 37 (185 kilometres). In both the routes there are day and night buses available.
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  • By Train
    Rail connectivity in the city is not very good. Trains from Tezpur only reach Rangapara (24 kilometres away) and Rangiya (150 kilometres away). Railways are thus not the best way to reach this beautiful city. However, tourists can take a train to Guwahati (166 kilometres away) and take a bus to Tezpur.
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  • By Air
    Though Tezpur has a functional airport that has regular flights to Kolkata and Silchar, it is not one of the most popular ways of travelling to this city. The Tezpur airport is also used by the Indian Air Force as their air base. The airport is about 10 kilometres from the city centre.
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