» »Interesting Facts About Ajanta Caves in Maharashtra!

Interesting Facts About Ajanta Caves in Maharashtra!

By Siji Ram

Ajanta caves are among the best cave monuments in India. Being one of the surviving examples of ancient Indian art, these caves have some amazing facts that are worth knowing.

Let us take a journey through this wonder of Maharashtra and know about some of the interesting facts of Ajanta caves in India!


Photo Courtesy: Jorge Láscar

World Heritage Site

Since 1983, Ajanta caves have been listed among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites of India. It is also a protected monument which is taken care of by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).

Discovery of Ajanta Caves

Ajanta caves were discovered by an Army officer in the Madras Regiment of British Army in the year 1819.


Photo Courtesy: Danial Chitnis

Existence of Ajanta Caves

The caves of Ajanta are believed to be existent since the pre-Christian era, the oldest being Cave 10 which is dated back to second century B. C.

Number of Caves in Ajanta

Ajanta caves are a cluster of 30 rock-cut caves that are a true representation of earlier Buddhist architecture, sculptures and cave paintings.


Photo Courtesy: Jorge Láscar

The Architecture of Ajanta Caves

The sculptures and other structures of these caves were built by monks who used simple tools like hammer and chisel to carve the stories depicted here.

Theme Of the Carvings at Ajanta Caves

The main theme of the carvings here is the illustrations and events related to the life of Buddha. They also portray Buddhist philosophies and teachings of Buddha.


Photo Courtesy: Waterkeeper India

Style of Paintings at Ajanta

A strong influence of artistic styles from Tibet and Srilanka are seen in the paintings at Ajanta caves. The binding material used for most of the paintings is glue.

Excavation of Ajanta Caves

The caves of Ajanta were excavated from a horse-shoe shaped cliff along river Waghora.


Photo Courtesy: Waterkeeper India

Refuge by Monks

The Ajanta caves were used as a refuge by monks during monsoon seasons.

Known for the Murals

Ajanta caves are popular across the world for its stunning murals and other paintings that contribute to world art and are considered to be treasures of ancient Indian art.

Know more about other caves in India

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