Uttar Pradesh is the mine of historic cities and ancient places. From Varanasi, the oldest-living city, to Agra, the city of Taj, there are innumerable places in the state of Uttar Pradesh which depict their glorious run in the past through the presence of monuments in the form of forts, temples, mosques, palaces and tombs.
One cannot merely ignore these ancient beauties while learning about the history of India. Jaunpur is the only one amongst the ancient places which is located at a distance of around 100 km from Allahabad and dates back to the 14th century when it was founded by Firoz Shah Tughlaq, the sultan of Delhi.
So, let's learn about the historical places in Jaunpur which an ardent traveller should never forget to visit.
Unarguably, Shahi Qila is the most visited historical monument in Jaunpur. It was built during the 14th century and is situated near Shahi Bridge. It is built of stones and other materials which were brought from the palaces and temples owned by the kings of Kannauj.
Even though Shahi Qila, also known Jaunpur Fort, has gone through several wars and destruction, it is still standing strong, narrating its tough times and beautiful past. It has also been under the control of several kings from Tughlaqs, the Lodhi dynasty and the Mughals. So, how about taking a tour of Shahi Qila this season?
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Jaunpur is immensely popular amongst tourists and travellers for its beautiful and magnificent mosques. There are several marvellous mosques present within the boundaries of Jaunpur which are visited by hundreds of locals and tourists every day.
Atala Masjid is one amongst these most popular mosques in Jaunpur. It is a 15th-century Islamic masterpiece, which was built by Sultan Ibrahim. There is also a religious school present in the precinct of the mosque. Today, it is under the care of the Archaeological Survey of India.
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Built in 1470, Jama Masjid is another place which you cannot afford to miss considering its religious and historical significance. Apart from offering grand prayer halls where prayers are offered 5 times a day, Jama Masjid also harbours the beauty of architecture through its wonderfully built domes and arches. It is a perfect blend of Islamic and Jaunpur architecture. If you are looking to scrutinise the architectural beauty of Jaunpur, then you must visit Jama Masjid.
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Also known as Akbari Bridge or Mughal Bridge, Shahi Bridge was built during the 16th century under the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar. It is one of the few instances of Mughal architecture in and around the region of Jaunpur.
Hence, Jaunpur is also sometimes referred to as the city of Shahi Bridge by locals and several tourists. Even though it partially collapsed during the 1934 earthquake, it is still in use. Shahi Bridge is built on Gomti river and is a must-visit historical place in Jaunpur.
Lal Darwaza Masjid
Another architectural beauty in the form of a beautiful mosque, Lal Darwaza Masjid was built during the 15th century by Rajye Bibi who was the queen of Sultan Mahmood Sharqi. Being one of the most noted figures in Jaunpur, this marvellous mosque is visited by thousands of tourists every year.
Lal Darwaza Masjid is dedicated to Sayyid Ali Dawood Qutubuddin, a significant saint during the Sharqi dynasty. It served as a private mosque to Rajye Bibi until her death. You must not miss this beauty of Islamic architecture while in Jaunpur.