Kabuli Bagh, comprising a garden, a mosque and a tank, was built by Mughal emperor, Babur, to celebrate his victory over Ibrahim Lodhi in the First Battle of Panipat. He named the mosque as well as the garden after his wife Mussammat Kabuli Begum.
Six years later, a congratulatory platform or a chabutra named Fateh Mubarak made of stones was added to the memorial by his son, Humayun, after he defeated Salim Shah. The inscription on it dates it to 934 Hijri corresponding to 1557 AD.
The mosque is flanked by two chambers on both its sides. Its parapet bears a Persian inscription running along its length. The square shaped prayer hall of the mosque has annexes on its sides, each one comprising nine bays and topped with semi-circular domes built on low drums. The high façade of the mosque is plastered with lime and divided into panels.
The entire memorial including the mosque, the tank and the garden still exist in perfect shape some two kilometres from the city of Panipat.