As the name suggests, the Gulab Bari is a rose garden. This vast garden encompasses the entire area that houses the tomb of Shuja-ud-Daula and his family. The garden was established in 1775 and houses a large variety of beautiful rose beds.
The roses have been meticulously planted and give the garden an ethereal look. There is an Imambara or the tomb of Imam also within the premises, which is an attraction in its own right.
Guptar Ghat consists of long, stone steps that lead to the waters of river Saryu. The ghat is highly revered by the Hindus because legend has it that it was here at these ghats that Lord Rama took ‘jal samadhi’, thereby leaving the earth for ‘baikuntha’ or the divine abode of Lord Vishnu. Its mythological significance apart, the picturesque view of river Saryu dotted with several ancient temples is simply breath taking.
Moti Mahal or ‘pearl palace’ was the residence of Bahu Begum, the wife of Nawab Suja-ud-Daula. The magnificent monument is a brilliant example of Mughal architecture. It is one of the few monuments in Uttar Pradesh that has a unique identity of its own.
Faizabad was the capital of the Nawabs, and during their rule they constructed several magnificent monuments. One of these was the Fort Calcutta, which was commissioned by Shuja-ud-Daula after he was defeated by the British in the war at Buxar in 1764.
The construction of the fort signified that even after losing the battle, he did not lose control over the area. According to history, the Nawab and his wife lived in the fort till their death. The walls of the fort are made of local clay. The architecture is distinctively Mughal in style.
Faizabad is a major pilgrimage town and historical place. It is little wonder then that it attracts thousands of visitors each year. To cater to their entertainment needs, the Rishabhdev Rajghat Udyan was opened to the public in the year 1989.
The lush green park is one of the best maintained in the region and comprises lush lawns and verdant woods. Apart from the decorative plants, the main attraction is the massive 22 ft statue of Rishabhdev, the first Jain Tirthankara, meditating in Padmasan position.
Faizabad is a historical town and the best place to study its past is at the Faizabad Museum. There are several items and artefacts on display that throw light on the Mughal era and its impact on the social and cultural fabric of the town. There are some artefacts related to mythology.
Some of the items on display include rare silverware, clothing, weapons, utensils and artworks of the ancient days. The war weapons on display also highlight the lighter side of the rulers of the city. The museum is well-maintained and organized and is easy to browse through.
The maqbara or mausoleum of Bahu Begum was commissioned by Nawab Suja-ud-Daula in the memory of his loving wife. The maqbara is an excellent example of Mughal architecture. History has it that the tomb was constructed in the year in 1816 with an attempt to recreate the grandeur of the Taj Mahal.
The white marble retains its sheen and when seen in the moonlight, seems to give the tomb sheen of immortality. Rising to a height of 42 m, it provides a beautiful view of the colourful Faizabad and the surroundings. The monument is maintained by the Archaeological Department of India.