The Orissa State Museum is the result of the efforts of two great historians like William Jones, Prof. Ghanshyam Dash and Prof. N.C. Banerjee of Ravenshaw College. They started the process of collecting archeological treasures in 1932. By 1938 the Govt. of Odisha took the museum under its own wings. At that time it was named as the Provincial Museum.
Since then the museum has only gained in popularity and progressed in its collections. The museum has a lovely collection of rare sculptures, numismatics, terracotta items, and plates in metals like copper, several examples of fine art, and a lot of other things. There is also a nice collection of old and rare coins inside the museum. In 1947-48 the museum was shifted from its earlier location in Cuttack to its present location in Bhubaneswar. The museum started operation from the present location in 1960 and was renamed as Orissa State Museum.