The grandeur of the Rashtrapati Bhavan in Delhi involves several dimensions. The vast mansion and its architecture is truly a wonder. Apart from these, the structure has the honour of being the residence of the first citizen of the country, who is none other than the President of India. There are very few official residences of various Heads of the State across the globe to compete against the Rashtrapati Bhavan by all means.
PC: Ashwin Kumar
The present structure was once the erstwhile residence of the British Viceroy. The structure was designed by Edwin Landseer Lutyens. The structure came into existence after the decision was taken to shift the capital city from Calcutta to Delhi in the year 1911. The structure was built to affirm the immortality of the British rule in India.
The structure and its surroundings were meant to be an empire made of stone, which would exercise the imperial domination and would contain the abode of the elite whose rule would be imposed from above. The empire of stone of the perpetual Durbar was made the permanent institution of democracy on the 26th of January, 1950, after Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the first President of India, and from that day on, the building was renamed as the Rashtrapati Bhavan or the 'President's House'.
PC: Ashwin Kumar
Visiting The Rashtrapati Bhavan
Visitors are allowed in the Rashtrapati Bhavan and the Mughal Gardens from Friday to Sunday and they remain closed from Monday to Thursday and also on Government Holidays. To visit the Rashtrapati Bhavan, one needs to register themselves on the official website of the President of India after the collection of Rs. 25 as charges, and one would get an SMS notification as well as a mail once the booking is completed.
For security reasons, the President's Secretariat has all the rights to approve or disapprove the permission to enter into the Rashtrapati Bhavan.
The Mughal Gardens
The Mughal Gardens is located at the backyards of the Rashtrapati Bhavan. The garden is a mixture of Mughal and English style of landscaping and is home to a large variety of flowers. The garden is open for public during the months of February and March every year.
The Mughal Gardens is a formation of four different gardens, namely the main garden, terrace garden, purdha garden (or the long garden) and the circular garden. The Presidents have brought in their own individual contribution to the Mughal Gardens in one way or the other, without altering the structure much.
More About The Rashtrapati Bhavan
The building was constructed at a sanctioned amount of 400,000 pounds and it took 17 years to complete its construction. However, the structure was completed at a cost of 877,136 pounds. The initial plan was to complete the construction in four years, but it took a longer period of 17 years and a year later, India was declared an Independent country.
PC: Ankur P
The huge mansion has a floor area of 200,000 sq ft and has four floors with 340 rooms. The entire structure was built using 700 million bricks and 3 million cubic feet of stone. The most prominent aspect of the structure is its dome, which is superimposed in its structure. The dome is visible from a distance and is the most eye-catching roof in the heart of the city.
The dome, according to architect, was made on the lines of the pantheon of Rome; but analysts believe that the structure is designed on the lines of the Sanchi Stupa. Another striking feature in its architecture is the use of temple bells on the pillars. An interesting factor is that the ideas of adopting the bells on the pillars came from one of the Jain Temples at Moodabidri in Karnataka.
PC: Emperor Genius
Two prominent halls in the complex are the Ashoka hall and the Durbar hall, these rooms are used for state functions and other purposes. The Durbar hall is the place from where Jawaharlal Nehru took the oath as the first Prime Minister of Independent India.