Bharuch is the oldest city of Gujarat and is located at the mouth of river Narmada. It is a centre of international trade and has a rich archaeological and mythological history too. It is the oldest city of Gujarat.
Mythological Relevance Of Bharuch
The place has a lot of mythological relevance. According to Hindu mythology, the Skanda Purana says that Bharuch was the residing place of Goddess Lakshmi before it was visited by Bhrigu Rishi who visited the place which was once a village.
Apart from its mention in Skanda Purana, Bharuch has found its relevance in Bhagavata Purana, Shiva Purana, Kurma Purana, Matsya Purana, Ramayana and the like. The Jain mythology and Buddhist mythology too have mentioned Bharuch in their scriptures. The place is, however, considered as a Tirtha for the Jain community.
An Important Business Centre
Since the first century AD, the Bharuch port was considered as a major seaport till the 16th century since the Arab traders used to enter Gujarat via Bharuch for business purposes. The British and Valandas also considered Bharuch as an important centre for business. It was the regular terminus for coastal shipping of spice and silk between the East and the West.
Other Flourishing Industries Of Bharuch
The largely industrialised city of Bharuch is also known for its other resources like textile mills, chemical plants, long staple cotton and dairy products. The biggest liquid cargo terminal is located in Bharuch and it is also a shipping centre which is famous for its salty peanuts. The city is often referred to as Kanam Pradesh which means “black soil land” due to the colour of its soil.
Festivals Of Bharuch
Since people from many ethnic and religious communities reside in Bharuch, the locals here celebrate almost every festival in its full glory. Major Indian festivals, like Diwali, Navratri, Ganesh Chaturthi, Holi, etc., are celebrated here with all its grandeur.
Bharuch is the only place in the world that celebrates Megharaj Festival (rain festival) which happens during the month of Shravan. A 5.5 ft idol of Lord Indra, made from the soil of Narmada river, is worshipped for 25 days. During the last 4 days of the festival, a mela (fair) is organised here. The other major festival conducted here is the Chandi Padvo which occurs around the month of October.