Located in the Shahibaug area this national museum is put up in the Moti Shahi Mahal which was actually built by Shah Jahan between 1618 and 1622. From 1960 to 1978, this palace served as the Raj Bhavan for the Governor of Gujarat. In 1980 a memorial across the ground floor of the Mahal was built to pay homage to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
The museum showcases the life and contributions of Sardar Patel through photographs, newspaper cuttings, cartoons, portraits, personal possessions and other materials. There is a statue of Sardar Patel at the entrance of the museum. One room in the first floor is also dedicated to Rabindranath Tagore as he stayed here at the age of seventeen and this Mahal inspired him to write the story of “The Hungry Stones”(Khudito Pashan). A statue of Rabindranath, his writings, pictures, portraits are also displayed in this room.