Uttar Pradesh is a major tourist hub in India as travellers come here from far and wide to marvel the many beauties that stand here. It is here where the cultural dance form Kathak originated and is also the birth place of Lord Krishna. It is visited by devotees round the year who come to seek the blessings of the lord and sing his praises here.
Of the many attractions that this state has to offer its visitors, mention must be made of the innumerable forts that can be seen here. These historical forts were built during the reign of various kings and is presently a symbol of their history. Here is a look at a 5 historical forts of Uttar Pradesh.
1. Agra Fort
The Agra Fort which is also known as the Red Fort is the forerunner of the iconic Red Fort of Delhi in respect of architectural style, design and the red color. Both the buildings are made of red sand stone. It is a World Heritage Site and was built by Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1565. There is a tablet at the gate of the Fort which mentions that the fort was originally built even before 1000 AD, and it was only renovated by Emperor Akbar. Tourists coming here can explore this historical architecture and be marvelled by its beauty.
A side view of the Agra Fort.
Photo Courtesy: Matthias Rosenkranz
2. Aligarh Fort
Aligarh Fort is considered to be one of India's strongest forts and was built in the 16th century by the son of the then presiding governor in the court of Ibrahim Lodhi. The fort is shaped like a regular polygon and is surrounded on all sides by a very broad ditch. Over the years, the fort was rebuilt several times to further expand and strengthen its boundaries. In the 18th century, under the rule of Madhavrao Scindia it served as a prominent training centre for soldiers who were taught European war techniques. It was also the site for the 1857 revolt against the British rule. Tourists coming here get a peek into the history that still lives on here.
The moat of Aligarh Fort.
Photo Courtesy: Saadakhtar
3. Allahabad Fort
Allahabad Fort built by Akbar stands at the confluence of the Ganga and Yamuna rivers. The fort is famous for it's unique design, constructionand craftsmanship. The fort at present is occupied by the Indian Army and some parts of the forts are restricted. The famous Ashoka Pillar also stands here.
Scenic view of Allahabad Fort.
Photo Courtesy: Aman Deshmukh
4. Jhansi Fort
Jhansi Fort was built by Raja Bir Singh Deo of Orchha atop the rocky hills in 1613. It is surrounded by a huge 16 to 20 feet thick granite wall as part of its fortification. The wall had ten gates each of which was named after some ruler or landmark of the kingdom. Accordingly there is Chand Gate, Datia Darwaza, Jharna Gate, Laxmi Gate, Orcha Gate, Sagar Gate, Unnao Gate, Khanderao Gate and Sainyar Gate. While some of these gates have disappeared with the passage of time, there are some that still stand intact. Tourists coming here can explore this majestic fort and learn more about its history.
The towering walls of Jhansi Fort.
Photo Courtesy: Subramku
5. Ramnagar Fort
The Ramnagar Fort is located in Varanasi and is built on the eastern banks of the Ganges river. Built in 1750 by Raja Balwant Singh it boasts of a typical Mughal architecture having carved balconies, open courtyard and many pavillions. Although now in ruins this fort still attracts a large number of crowds who come to relive the past glory of the region here.
Pillars of Ramnagar Fort.
Photo Courtesy: Adam Jones