Rangbhoomi is located opposite the main city post office. It is a place of historic significance and worship. Legend has it that the site was the wrestling arena where Lord Krishna fought a duel with his maternal uncle, Kansa. Lord Krishna won the duel, freed his parents from his hold, and reinstated his maternal grandfather to the throne. Legend has it that Kansa had imprisoned Devaki (his sister) and her husband after it was forecast that their seventh son would bring about his downfall and death.
Mathura was also an important centre for Buddhism. The Rangbhoomi is surrounded by several Buddhist style structures that were built during the Mauryan period. With the decline of the Mauryan dynasty, the significance of Buddhism also declined and gradually Hinduism took centre stage.