Kumbhalgarh Fort was built by King Rana Kumbha in the 15th century. This Mewar fortress is located on the banks of river Banas. Tourists in large numbers flock the fort as it is the second most important fortress of the state of Rajasthan. This huge fort is surrounded by 13 peaks, watchtowers, and bastions. Kumbhalgarh Fort stretches across 36 km of the Aravallis. It houses a domed palace built by Maharana Fateh Singh. The long winding wall was built to guard the attacks of enemies and this wall is supposedly the second longest to the Great Wall of China for its length.
The fort has seven huge gates, the biggest among which is known as the Ram Pol. Tourists can see a temple on the Hanuman Pol, the main gateway leading to the fort. The Hulla Pol, Ram Pol, Paghra Pol, Nimboo Pol, Bhairava Pol and Top-khana Pol are the other gates of the fort.
Tourists can enjoy a bird’s-eye view of the surrounding areas from the top of the fort. Another fortress known as Kartargarh is also located inside the main fort of Kumbhalgarh.
Badal Mahal, also known as the Palace of Clouds, is located atop the Kumbhalgarh Fort. This palace has two storeys and the whole building is divided into two interconnected segments called the Mardana Mahal and the Zanana Mahal. The rooms of these palaces are painted with pastel-coloured murals, representing the period of the 19th century. Turquoise, green and white are the main colours of the grandiose rooms.
Tourists can see stone jalis in the Zanana Mahal; these jalis were used by the queens to see the court proceedings. The creative air conditioning system of the chamber is a fascinating thing to see. The system is facilitated with a series of duct pipes which allows cool air into the beautiful rooms, further ventilating them from the bottom.
Vedi Temple is located close to the Hanuman Pol of the Kumbhalgarh Fort. This Jain temple was constructed by Rana Kumbha to honour the sacrifice of the pilgrims. The structure of the temple was later renovated by Maharana Fateh Singh. This temple is considered to be the only remnant amongst all sacrificial places in the country.
Neelkanth Mahadeo Temple is situated near the Kumbhalgarh Fort. The temple has a six-feet Shivaling made of stone. This shrine is dedicated to Lord Shiva, who is considered to be the only deity of the area. According to history, King Rana Kumbha used to worship this deity and in an unpleasant incident he was beheaded by his own son at a time when he was offering prayers at the shrine.
Mammadev Temple was built by King Rana Kumbha in the year 1460. The shrine is located below the Kumbhalgarh Fort and has four slabs. Tourists can see an inscription stating the history of Mewar on the slabs. The history written here starts from the period of Guhil and continues till the reign of Rana Kumbha. Notably, Guhil was the founder of Mewar.
At present, the slabs are properly conserved in the museum of Udaipur. Visitors can see an image of the wealth god, Kuber, and two cenotaphs inside the temple. Theses cenotaphs were made in memory of the kings Rana Kumbha and Prithviraj Chauhan. A beautiful large reservoir is located close to the temple.
Parshuram Temple is located inside an ancient cave and is dedicated to the famous sage Parshuram. According to mythology, Sage Parshuram meditated here, seeking the blessings of the Hindu deity Rama. Tourists need to step down 500 stairs to reach the cave.