National animals and birds are chosen based on various criterias. The tiger, particularly the royal Bengal tiger, was chosen to be India's national animal due to its grace, power, strength and endurance. Also, since tigers are spread all across India, except in the northwestern region, it was chosen to represent the country.
Watching tigers, one of the most ferocious and magnificent animals in the world, can be very exciting. If you wish to witness them in plenty, head to the Sundarbans National Park on your next vacation.
Sundarbans National Park which is located in the state of West Bengal, is a biosphere reserve and a tiger reserve, that was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987.
PC: Soumyajit Nandy
It is situated right next to the Sundarbans Reserve Forest that continues towards the neighbouring country of Bangladesh. The park which is surrounded by 7 rivers is home to the largest number of the majestic royal Bengal tigers.
Sprawling across a huge space of 1,330 sq km, the vegetation of this beautiful national park consists of thickets of rich green mangrove forests. The forest has a unique kind of tree called sundari trees, which presents mangrove spikes, a feature that allows them to bNetaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport (CCU)reathe when water gets clogged during winter.
Wildlife Of The Sundarbans National Park
Apart from being home to one of the largest number of royal Bengal tigers, the national park also houses nearly 58 species of mammals, 250 different species of beautiful birds and 55 species of reptiles.
PC: Mike Prince
Some of the animals that you can expect to witness in the park include macaques, wild boar, Indian grey mongoose, pangolins, etc. This huge arena of forest attracts many birds, such as common kingfishers, pheasant-tailed jacanas, pariah kites, whimbrels, to name a few.
Apart from animals and birds, Sundarbans is home to reptiles like Gangetic dolphins, crocodiles, olive ridley turtles, bull sharks, etc. All this wildlife set amidst lush green forests that is spread across a huge area ought to be the ideal haven for all sorts of nature enthusiasts!
You may go on jungle safaris or exclusively tiger safaris at the park. Don't forget to grab a pair of binoculars to watch all the magnificent birds of Sundarbans.
Best Time To Visit The Sundarbans National Park
The cool months of December to February are the perfect time to visit the national park. The weather will be balmy and pleasant and perfect to witness the wildlife.
Due to the close proximity of the park to the Bay of Bengal, it is advised to avoid planning to go between the months of mid-June to mid-September. During this time, the park is bound to experience heavy rainfall.
How To Reach The Sundarbans National Park
By Air: The closest airbase to the national park is the Netaji Subhash Chandra International Airport, located at a distance of 115 km in Kolkata. The airport is well connected to major cities of India, such as Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Delhi, etc.
PC: Kingshuk Mondal
By Train: Kolkata railway station situated in Kolkata is the closest main railway station to the park. From here, one can board a local train that runs from Kolkata to Canning easily. Canning railway station is located just 30 km from Sundarbans.
By Road: State government-run buses are available easily from any part of the state to Sundarbans. A well-maintained road connects Kolkata to the national park.