Khonoma village is located approximately about 20 km away from the capital city of Kohima. The village is also known as Khwunoria, which is the Angami term for a local plant and is estimated to be around 700 years old and is spread across an area of 124 sq km. It is a relatively less populated village with a total strength of 3000 and 600 households.
Khonoma in Nagaland is well-known for its forests and a unique form of agriculture, which includes some of the oldest terraced cultivation in the region. The hilly terrain of the village ranges from gentle slopes to steep and rugged hillsides. The hills are covered with lush forestland and is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna.
Over a hundred years ago, the advancing British troops found themselves face-to-face with a determined warrior tribe in the highlands of Nagaland.
Well-known for their martial prowess and strategic skills, the Angami men of Khonoma fought a strong battle in order to safeguard their territory by causing large casualties to the foreign soldiers.
In an incident reminiscent of the British invasion, in the mid 1990s, the villagers were forced to physically resist timber merchants, who had come with several dozens of elephants to carry out logging, which was unfortunately aided by some insiders.
Over the last decade the village has made large progress in establishing system for natural resource management and conflict resolutions, put together to conserve the biodiversity and wildlife of this place.
01.Best Time To Visit
One can visit the village of Khonoma any time during the year. The village is surrounded by mountains and is situated at the base of the hills which gives it an amazing landscape, which can be experienced throughout the year.
PC: Faisal Akram
02.How To Reach
By Air: The nearest airport is located at Dimapur which offers excellent connectivity to Kolkata and Guwahati along with other major cities in the country. Dimapur is at a distance of 77 km from here and one can hire a taxi or make use of the buses.
By Train: The major railhead nearest to Khonoma is Dimapur, which is linked to Guwahati. Guwahati is in turn connected to the rest of the country by important trains.
By Road: The place has a very good network of roads and the links to Shillong, Guwahati and other important cities across the North Eastern states. Khonoma is at a distance of 20 km from the capital city of Kohima.
Before beginning your journey to Nagaland, one must obtain permits to enter the state. Domestic tourists should obtain the Inner Line Permit issued by the following authorities: Deputy Resident Commissioner, Nagaland House, New Delhi, Deputy Resident Commissioner, Nagaland House, Kolkota, Assistant Resident Commissioner In Guwahati and Shillong, Deputy Commissioner of Dimapur, Kohima and Mokokchung.
PC: Yves Picq
1. Kohima Zoo
The zoo is home to a diverse bird species like the tragopan bird, which is the state bird of Nagaland. One can also see the wild buffalo which is known as Mithun, at the zoological park.
Apart from these one can also see the langur. The zoo is well-known for organizing nature trips, camping, bird watching etc., for an adventure seeking tourist.
PC: Soumitra ghosh
Home to the native tribe of Nagaland, the Ao Naga tribe, Mokokchung is considered as the capital of the Nagas. The Ao warriors are beautifully dressed in black and red with hand woven shawls and wrist bands with small attachments signifying various victories.
In the months of March and August, the tribes come alive to celebrate the harvest festivals. A visit to this area gives a deep insight into the lives of the Nagas.
PC: Roderick Eime
3. Kohima War Cemetery
Kohima War Cemetery is a memorial dedicated to the soldiers of the 2nd British Division of the Allied Forces who laid down their lives in the Second World War at Kohima in April 1944. The cemetery is set in a peaceful surrounding of well-manicured grassland in which roses bloom. The cemetery is built at the exact location where the battle was fought and provides a panoramic view of the town of Kohima.
PC: PP Yoonus