Viceregal Lodge & Botanical Gardens are important tourist attractions of Shimla. The picturesque lodge, which was completed in the year 1888, is located on the Observatory Hill, the beautiful building. This European style building used to be the host of the President of India during his/her visit to the summer capital of British India and hence came to be called as the ‘Rashtrapati Niwas’. During the tenure of Prof. S.Radhakrishnan, it was transferred to the Ministry of Education, Government of India. A premiere research organisation of the country, Indian Institute of Advanced Study was established here in 1964. It is a six storey building, surrounded by lush green gardens and lawns. The interior and exterior designs of the building are very captivating, and it represents Renaissance architectural style. This monument has been witness to famous historical events like Shimla Conference in 1945 and Shimla Agreement in 1947.