Baramulla, one of the 22 districts of the state of Jammu & Kashmir, shares its borders with Pakistan occupied Kashmir on its western side. It is situated to the south of the town of Kupwara and north of Pooch and Budgam with Srinagar and Ladakh bordering its eastern side.
This ancient city was founded by Raja Bhimsina in 2,306 BC. The region was visited by the great Mughal emperor Akbar in 1,508. Jahangir, in appreciation of the beauty of the place, decided to stay here while on his journey to the Kashmir Valley. Hieun T'Sang, the well known Chinese traveller, had also once visited here.
Bandipore town, otherwise known as the Port of Wular, is located on the eastern bank of the Wular Lake, one of the largest fresh water lakes in Asia. A park constructed on a pattern resembling that of the Nishat Bagh, one of the famous Mughal gardens of Jammu and Kashmir, attracts a large number of visitors. It is popular for activities such as, trekking, fishing, and mountaineering. Travellers interested in undertaking mountaineering must visit Mt. Harmukh located in the eastern region of the town. While en route to Mt. Harmukh, tourists can set up camps at the Sheera Sir also known as 'Lake of Spirits'. The Arin Nallah situated there is home to exotic fish species such as the grey trout, silver trout, and rainbow trout.
Scenic view of the region.
Photo Courtesy: Aehsaan
Sopore town, founded in 880 AD during the rule of King Avantivarman, lies at a distance of 48 km from the district of Srinagar on the banks of the River Jhelum. It is the biggest trade centre of the North Kashmir region and is known among tourists as the 'apple town of Asia'. The apples of Sopore are regarded as the best in the entire continent. It is famous for the Jamia Masjid, Khan-kah Shah-i-Hamdan and several small shrines. Shiekh Hamza Makhdoomi Tujar, Arza Sahib Takya Khan Zainagair, Daid Mouj Mundji, Baba Shukur Din Watlab Sopore, Hathi-Shah Sahib are some of the other popular shrines located in Sopore. The site is also dotted with few Hindu pilgrimage sites such as Kali Mandir, Shiv Mandir, Rishi peer Mandir located at Batpora and Bhairon Mandir.
Wular Lake, located at the base of Haramuk Mountain, in the middle of the towns of Sopore and Bandipore, has been declared as one of the largest fresh water lake in the Asian continent. This lake is known among people as an ideal sunset point. The Jhelum River is the prime source of water for this lake. A small island named 'Zaina Lank', built by King Zainul-Abi-Din sits in the middle of it. Wular Lake is considered to be the remainder of the Satisar Lake, which according to the Kashmiri epic Nilmathpurna existed during ancient times.
Picturesque View of Wular Lake
Photo Courtesy: Maxx786
How to Reach Baramulla
By Air: The Srinagar Airport is the nearest air base as it is located at a distance of 66 km from Baramulla. This airport, otherwise known as the Sheikh ul Alam Airport, is well connected to major cities in India, including New Delhi, Chandigarh, Mumbai, and Shimla, to name a few.
By Rail: The Jammu Tawi railway station is the nearest railhead to Baramulla, situated at a distance of 360 km. This railway junction is well connected to major towns and cities in India such as New Delhi, Goa, Chennai, Mumbai, Ludhiana, Kolkata, Jalandhar, Agra to name a few.
By Road: Travellers planning a trip to Baramulla can reach the destination via road. Buses for Baramulla are easily available from neighbouring areas, namely Kargil, Jammu and Srinagar. Travellers can first take direct buses to the above mentioned regions from New Delhi, Chandigarh, Ambala, Ludhiana, Shimla and Manali.