Majuli or Majoli in Assam is the largest river island in the World. Majuli is situated in the Bramhaputra river; island is formed by the Brahmaputra river in the south and Subansiri river in the north. Majuli is a biodiversity hotspot and a place for ecotourism. This river island is one of the popular tourist attractions in Assam. Apart from its enchanting nature, Majuli is a land of the Assamese neo-Vaisnavite culture.
Its varied flora and fauna adds scope for tourism. The island has varieties of birds ; provides a lot for nature lovers. Majuli has a beauty which attract visitors often.
Photo Courtesy: Kalai Sukanta
Originally, it was a piece of land in the middle of two parallel rivers. Due to earthquake and floods, Brahmaputra river split into two branches and Majuli was formed.
Photo Courtesy: Suraj Kumar Das
Way to Majuli
Agriculture, Fishing, Pottery are some of the occupations in this island. Handloom is one of the main occupations of the people of Majuli.
The inhabitants are mostly tribes who have migrated from Arunachal Pradesh long ago.
Majuli island can be reached by ferries operated from the city of Jorhat. The island is pollution free as there are not many big industries there. Hence, the natural habitat has been preserved in Majuli.
Photo Courtesy: Peter Andersen
Basically, a wetland, Majuli gets a lot of migratory birds during winter. But during monsoon the island becomes more unsafe. In fact, the island is under the threat of submersion in recent times.
However, this river island is a popular place for tourism in Assam. Situated around 20 km from Jorhat, it is accessible through ferries. Places like Vaishnava Satra, Madhya Majuli, Golaghat, Lakhimpur can be visited around the island.
One can also see pottery making, mask making, culture of the tribes during the visit in Majuli. It will definitely be an exciting experience to visit this unique ecosystem in Assam.