No one can actually fathom the height of any civilisation's progress and prosperity. We all acknowledge that the first civilisation which paved the way for its subsequent world happened thousands of years ago before Christ Era. Indus Valley Civilisation was one amongst those few ancient civilisations of the world which certainly lead the path to advancement and refinement.
Unfortunately, all these civilisations had to come to an end because of one or the other natural disaster and today, we can only find the ruins and damaged structures shouting aloud their proud history of development.
One such part of the Indus Valley Civilisation is Lothal, one of the major trade centres, which was into exporting beads, gems and other expensive materials. Formed on the banks of Saraswati river and discovered in 1954, Lothal was ahead of its time in terms of progress and urbanity as well. Why not plan a trip to this historic place of pride and enlighten yourself with its advanced thought process?
Spots To Explore In Lothal
1) Lothal's Dock
The oldest known dock in the world, Lothal's dock was one of its kind and had played a crucial role in the export of several materials from Lothal to other parts of the world, such as Africa and West Asia. Lothal's settlement on the banks of Saraswati river was an advantage to the businessmen, as a result of which this small settlement by the river converted into a major trade centre within a negligible amount of time.
How about witnessing the oldest known dock on earth? If you are definitely into exploring the richness of Lothal and watching the masterpieces of ancient architecture, then do visit this place.
2) Ancient Well
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It is not possible for anyone to exist and stay without water. Apart from being an important trade centre, Lothal was ahead of its time and thereby, it thought of digging wells to provide its people with the freshest and purest form of water. However, today you can only see the ruins of these dried wells.
Lothal was highly cultured and advanced and the scientific setting of this city certainly proves the fact. It cannot be denied that the people of Lothal were intelligent and clever, after witnessing the extraordinary architecture of this city.
3) Warehouse Of Lothal
PC- Emmanuel DYAN
Being a significant trade centre, it is expected from Lothal to have a warehouse. This stockroom was used to put raw and manufactured goods and materials before their distribution for sale. This vast warehouse of Lothal was built on a platform and housed goods in large numbers.
It is believed that there were several other small warehouses in and around Lothal which are still buried under the lanes of its history. How about paying a visit to Lothal and exploring this wonderfully built storeroom?
4) Acropolis And Lower Town
PC- Emmanuel DYAN
Acropolis was the commercial and political centre of Lothal. Located in the heart of the city, Acropolis was home to several houses and baths on a platform, which was in a rectangular shape. You can also see here the wonderfully planned drainage system.
On other hand was the Lower Town, which was also one of the major parts of Lothal and housed workshops, residences and other private buildings. The bead factory was also a part of this wonderful space.
If you are looking forward to watching the ancient artefacts found in the excavation of Lothal, then the archaeological museum is located on the west side of the ruins. From mirrors to painted pots and tiny toys to wonderful jewellery, you can find all the ancient objects of Lothal civilisation. Apart from ornamentals, you can also find seals from Egypt here.
How To Reach Lothal
Situated at an approximate distance of 78 km from Ahmedabad, Lothal is easily accessible by road. You can either take a cab from Ahmedabad or catch a bus from Ahmedabad to Lothal.
If you are looking to travel by train, then you can catch a train from Ahmedabad to Bhurkhi and then from there take a local bus to Lothal.
Best Time To Visit Lothal
Lothal has a hot and semi-arid climate and on account of its climatic conditions, it is advisable to avoid visiting Lothal during the summer season. If you are looking to sit beside the ruins and explore its history comfortably, then the best time to visit Lothal is from November until the end of March.