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Famous Wildlife Sanctuaries in North India

Written By: Akshatha

India is rich in natural resources. It has a number of Wildlife Santuaries which are a home for many species of plants and animals.

There are many wildlife sanctuaries in North India. Conserved vegetations like Terai ecosystem, mangrove forests, evergreen forests can be found in parts of North India.

The protected reserves hosts a number of endangered animals. Tiger reserves, Elephant reserves and Asiatic lion reserves are maintained by the government.

Animals in their natural habitat are a treat to watch. These National Parks in North India not only have animals but a rich biodiversity.

Together they provide a lot of scope for tourism, nature enthusiasts, adventure activities and photography.

Here are some of the famous wildlife sanctuaries in North India!

Namdapha Wildlife Sanctuary

Namdapha Wildlife Sanctuary

Namdapha Wildlife Sanctuary is the 3rd largest National Park in India. It is a highly protected area situated in Arunachal Pradesh.

Namdapha consists of evergreen rain forests and is one of the richest areas of biodiversity in India.

It is the only National Park to have all the four feline species of big cats: Tiger, Leopard, Snow Leopard and Clouded Leopard.

The diverse vegetation has varieties of endangered flora and fauna. Assamese macaques, Capped langurs, Asiatic black bears, Hoolock gibbons, Hog deer, etc. are the animals which can be found here.

Photo Courtesy: Prashanthns

Dudhwa National Park

Dudhwa National Park

The Dudhwa National Park is located in the Terai of Uttar Pradesh. It one of the few surviving Terai ecosystems.

Earlier, the park was only known for Swamp deer. In 1987, it was declared as a tiger reserve and now consists a number of tigers.

Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary and Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary together forms Dudhwa Tiger Reserve.

Dudhwa National Park is a home for many endangered species of animals: Swamp deer, Hispid hare, Sloth bear, leopards, tigers, Barasingha, etc.

The forest mainly consists of Sal trees, Asna, Jamun, Gular and bahera. This Swamp forest with semi-evergreen trees is literally a heaven to visit.

Photo Courtesy: Abhishek Shastri

Jim Corbett National Park

Jim Corbett National Park

The Jim Corbett National Park is the oldest National Park in India. It was the first National park to come under the 'Project Tiger', as it was established to protect Bengal tigers.

Corbett Wildlife Sanctuary is an ecotourism destination located in Nainital. This decidious forest mainly has Sal, Peepal Haldu and Mango trees. Grasslands, river belts, moist lands of the park has a diverse wildlife.

It is popular spot for tourism and photography from ages. Dhikala, Jeep Safari, Kalagarh Dam, Corbett Falls, Garjiya Devi Temple are some of the attractions around.

Photo Courtesy: http://www.flickr.com/photos/wribs/

Sariska Tiger Reserve

Sariska Tiger Reserve

The Sariska Tiger Reserve is a wildlife sanctuary in Rajasthan, North India. A forest with rocky landscapes, dry decidious forests, Scrub-thorns supports a number of wildlife.

Sariska park's main attraction is the majestic Bengal tiger. Other animals like leopard, striped hyena, Hanuman langur, Nilgai, Golden jackel can be found here.

The wildlife sanctuary also has some rare bird species: grey partridge, White-throated kingfisher, Treepie, Crested serpent eagle, and so on.

Photo Courtesy: Dan Lundberg

Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga National Park

The Kaziranga National Park is a World Heritage Site in Assam. It is a home of two-third's of the world's great one-horned rhinoceros.

Kaziranga has the highest density of tigers among conserved areas in the world. Also a breeding ground for elephants, water-wild buffalo and swamp deer.

The park is comprised of marshland, dense tropical moist broad leaf forests and tall elephant grass. And the 4 major rivers of India, including Brahmaputra, flows through this reserve forest.

Photo Courtesy: Satish Krishnamurthy

Sundarbans National Park

Sundarbans National Park

The Sundarbans is a biosphere reserve and a tiger reserve in West Bengal.

The National Park is part of the Sundarbans on the Ganges Delta and the Sundarban Reserve Forest in Bangladesh.

It is one of the largest reserves of the Bengal tiger and a declared core area. The delta has one of the surviving Mangrove forests in India.

Photo Courtesy: Dibyendu Ash

Manas Wildlife Santuary

Manas Wildlife Santuary

Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is a World Heritage Site in Assam. It is known for the elephant reserve, tiger reserve and also its biosphere reserve.

The forest has some endangered species: Assam Roofed Turtle, Hispid Hare, Pygmy Hog. It is also famous for the Wild-water buffalo.

The National Park named after the Manas river has diverse Flora and Fauna. Tourists can also see the Manas river inside the Park.

photo Courtesy: Pankaj

Gir Forest National Park

Gir Forest National Park

The Gir Forest National Park is located in Gujarat. It is the only home for Asiatic Lions and is one of the most protected areas in Asia.

Gir forest was a hunting grounds of the Nawabs of Junagadh. Due to the drop of lion population, Nawab Sir Muhammad Rasul Khanji Babi declared it as a protected area.

In 2015 census, the lion population has increased to 523. Apart from Asiatic lions, the forest has Indian cobras, India palm civets, desert cats, rusty-spotted cats, India leopards, etc.

The Gir National Park is also a popular tourist spot in Gujarat.

Photo Courtesy: Bernard Gagnon

Ranthambore National Park

Ranthambore National Park

The Ranthambore National Park is one of the largest National parks in North India. It is located in Rajasthan and has a wide variety of animals.

It is named after Ramthambore fortress which is inside the park. Known for its jungle habitat, it has many animals like Southern plains gray langur, Rhesus macaque , chital, tigers and leopards.

Ranthambore is a famous tourist place in Rajasthan.

Neora Valley National Park

Neora Valley National Park

Neora Valley is a richest biological zone situated in Darjeeling. The forest is very dense and pristine, it is known for adventure activites.

The Neora Valley National Park hosts the endangered animals such as Clouded leopard, Red panda and Musk deer. And also a home for a number of bird species and animal species.

Photo Courtesy: Soumyadeep Chatterjee

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