Arikamedu is the site of one of the most expansive archaeological excavations that was carried out in the 1940’s by Mortimer Wheeler. It was revealed that Arikamedu was an ancient trading port of the Chola kingdom where trade was carried out between the Cholas and the Romans. Evidences of Roman civilization making its way here can be seen from the pottery which was excavated from the site.
Pottery which bore the markings of the great schools of pottery of the Roman empire were found from Arikamedu. Arikamedu was an important centre for the making of beads. It is believed that people first settled in Arikamedu sometime before the 1st century A.D. Arikamedu is a destination that has to be visited once at Pondicherry.