Starting with the advent of Indus Valley Civilisation and several other progressions, India has always been one of the major political and trade centres in the world. The presence of thousands of archaeological sites dispersed all across the country proves the richness and development of India over a period of time.
Through numerous dynasties and empires, India provided innumerable archaeological sites and hence, today this historical country is home to many archaeological wonders. So, let's move on and find out more about the great monuments built during the early and medieval periods, which have certainly become the archaeological wonders of India.
1) Jaisalmer Fort (Rajasthan)
Built by Rajput ruler Rawal Jaisal during the 12th century, Jaisalmer Fort is one of the finest examples of ideally chiselled forts in India. Located atop Trikuta Hills, this architectural masterpiece is definitely one amongst the archaeological wonders of India on account of its historical significance and fine artistry.
Jaisalmer Fort is also known as the Golden Fort due to its construction with the use of yellow sandstone. Scientifically, the yellow colour quietly reflects the sunrays, thereby, keeping the walls of this fort cool and pleasant. How about exploring this archaeological gem of India which certainly needs to be on the bucket list of every history lover?
2) Nalanda University (Bihar)
One of the oldest universities in the world, Nalanda University was a centre of learning where thousands of teachers and students absorbed knowledge on various subjects of medicine, astrology, science, grammar, etc. Built under the rule of Shakraditya in the 5th century, Nalanda was the primary source to gain an education in the world.
It had several massive rooms, the biggest library and numerous laboratories where students from all over the world studied and experienced the basic aspects of life. It flourished for over 700 years until its destruction by the attack of Bakhtiyar Khilji.
Today, you can only find its damaged structure and ruins clamouring its history through each corridor. However, it is a favourite destination for history lovers.
3) Khajuraho Temples (Madhya Pradesh)
Built during the rule of Rajput dynasty in 10th century, these group of monuments settled in the Chhatarpur district of Madhya Pradesh are definitely amongst the archaeological wonders of India. Khajuraho Temples are popular amongst tourists for their amazing architecture with perfectly carved stone figures. It is also known for its erotic sculptures displayed all over the temples and monuments.
These historical monuments are dedicated to Hinduism and Jainism; however, the incredible art of architecture is beyond religion and is a sheer work of excellence. Today, it is maintained under the Archaeological Survey Of India and has also been listed in the World Heritage Sites list.
4) Hampi (Karnataka)
Hampi is the history of Karnataka. Once you are inside the boundaries of these ruins at Hampi, you will certainly get to know about the glorious history of the state. Once a home to Vijayanagara, the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire, Hampi has been a significant town since its formation.
Today, Hampi is known for its archaeological sites where you can find thousands of ruined sculptures, buildings, temples and several other historical monuments. From temples in the form of chariots to civil buildings, this largest archaeological site is a second home to many historians.
5) Konark Sun Temple ( Odisha )
A UNESCO World Heritage Site and undoubtedly, one of the archaeological gems of India, Sun Temple of Konark was built in the 13th century under the rule of Ganga dynasty. Today, because of its architectural beauty and significance, it is on the checklist of every tourist who loves to explore the unknown history of a place.
This temple is dedicated to the sun god and is structured in the form of his chariot. Consequently, making it one of the fewer brilliantly built chariot temples. It has 12 pairs of wheels which can be seen on the outer part of the temple adjacent to the walls. Each and every corner of this temple has a story to reveal the greatness of this artistry. How about visiting Sun Temple and listening to these interesting stories of its vastness?