Being a part of nature, mountain ranges have equally contributed to the development of nature and the evolution of several species in the world. They have always been behind the abundant biodiversity in a country. Ever thought of visiting the highest and longest mountain ranges in India which have been standing strong and rich for thousands of years?
If not, here is your chance to know everything about these gigantic mountain ranges in India which showcase the flourished vegetation and prospered state of the country. Read on to learn about the exciting features of these ranges, eventually compelling you to plan a trip.
1) Himalayan Range
A cross-border range in Asia spread across the countries of Nepal, India, Bhutan, China and Pakistan, the Himalayan range is formed by the upliftment of sedimentary and metamorphic rocks under the effect of the geological process of subduction. Apart from being home to several highest peaks in the world, such as Mount Everest, the Himalayan range is also home to numerous glaciers, passes and hills and is the origin of some of the major rivers in the world, such as Ganga and Brahmaputra.
The beauty of the Himalayan range lies in its serene atmosphere and tranquil peaks. Therefore, it is also called the abode of God, thereby, making the Himalayan range sacred in Hinduism and Buddhism. How about exploring the hidden corners of the Himalayan range and discovering its virgin beauties?
2) Karakoram Range
Karakoram range is one of the largest ranges in India being spread across the borders of numerous countries, such as Pakistan and China. It is home to several highest peaks and large glaciers in the world including K2, the second highest peak in the world after Mount Everest. If you are looking forward to enjoying the chilling weather and savouring the pristine beauty of Karakoram, then it is definitely your destination.
Giving way to numerous glaciers, it is one of the heavily glaciated parts of the world. How about capturing the charm of its white splendour spread across its towering peaks and flowing ice of glaciers?
3) Purvanchal Range
Prospering beautifully in the northeast of India, Purvanchal Range is considered to be a sub-mountain range of the Himalayas. From Meghalaya to Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland to Mizoram, it is spread all over the northeastern and eastern parts of India. Purvanchal Range generally comprises of geologically formed sedimentary rocks and is rich with forests and lush plains.
It is also home to several species of animals and is one of the richest parts of eastern India. How about being on the route leading to Purvanchal Range and savouring the natural marvels of this beauty?
4) The Western Ghats
A UNESCO World Heritage Site and home to numerous national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserved forests, Western Ghats is also known as Sahyadri Hills and is one of the eight hottest biodiversity hotspots in the world. Starting from the extreme southern part of Gujarat and passing through Maharashtra, Goa, Kerala and Karnataka, it ends its 1600 km journey in the southern part of Tamil Nadu at Swamithoppe.
The Western Ghats is rich in vegetation and animal life with thousands of species of flora and fauna flourishing in its valleys and dense forests. It also nurtures numerous undiscovered and endangered species. Running parallel to the western coast of India, Western Ghats has become a major tourists spot over the last few decades on account of its untouched beauty and undiscovered species.
5) Aravalli Range
Aravalli Range is one of the richest mountain ranges in India with innumerable species of plants spread across the approximate length of 700 km. It starts in North India from Delhi and ends in Western India in the state of Gujarat. Aravalli Range is also the oldest range of fold mountains in India with its history dating back to the separation of the Indian plate from the Eurasian plate.
Aravalli Range has also been home to numerous mining sites and is believed to be one of the luxuriant ranges of towerings hills, water cascades, deep valleys and thick vegetation. How about getting lost in this range of mountains filled with surprises at each step in the form of natural beauty?