The tiger reserve is found in the forest area on the foothills of the Himalayas. It is one of the 41 tiger reserves found in India. The Pilibhit region has over 800 square kilometer of forested area. The reserve itself is home to at least 36 tigers and a good prey base for their survival. The place is encompassed by the River Sharda and River Ghagara. It houses a large number of rare species including the Bengal tiger, swamp deer, Bengal floricans and Indian leopard.
Apart from serving as habitat for tigers, the reserve also exemplifies a highly diversified Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands eco-systems. It also plays home to over 125 animals, 550 bird species and 2,100 flowering plants.