Stepwells are generally found in the drought-prone states of India like Gujarat and Rajasthan. Due to the dry climatic conditions in some of the parts of India, stepwells were built here in ancient times to store water which could be used during droughts.
Like the forts, temples and other monuments built during those times, these stepwells also are known for their architectural perfection. Most of the stepwells built centuries back are in ruins today. However, there are a few of them that are still worth a visit.
Chand Baori, a stepwell located in Abhaneri in Rajasthan, is one of the most beautiful stepwells of India. The 100 feet deep stepwell has 13 storeys and 3500 narrow steps.
Photo Courtesy: Chetan
The Adalaj stepwell is located close to Gandhinagar in Gujarat. The intricate carvings and its architectural style is what makes it one of the best stepwells in the country. One can find deities carved into the walls of the well along with other mythological characters and scenes.
Photo Courtesy: Raveesh Vyas
Rajon ki Baoli
Rajon ki Baoli, also known as Rajaon ki Baoli, is one of the structures seen at the Mehrauli Archaeological park in South Delhi. This three-storeyed stepwell was built in 1516.
Photo Courtesy: Varun Shiv Kapur
Rani ki Vav
Here the history of the stepwell talks a different story. It was built by a Queen in the loving memory of her husband. The walls of the stepwell have beautiful carvings of Lord Vishnu and his avatars.
Photo Courtesy: Rashmi.parab
Agrasen ki Baoli
Agrasen kiBaoli is an unexplored stepwell in Delhi. The stepwell has 103 steps and is built in three levels. It is located on Hailey road, quite close to Connaught Place.
Photo Courtesy: Supreet Sethi