The Pench National Park lies in the lower southern areas of Satpuda hills. This place is referred to after the Pench River which twists through the Pench National Park from North to South. This park is situated on the southern border of Madhya Pradesh, neighboring Maharashtra. It was confirmed as a national park in the year 1983 and in 1992, the place was officially declared as the nineteenth Tiger reserve of India.
This park is rich in shrubs, climbers, trees, herbs, weeds and grasses. There are above 1200 plant species that are found in this place. The park is a dwelling for 164 species of birds, 10 species of amphibians, 33 species of mammals, 30 reptile species and 50 fish species. Moreover, an extensive range of insects can also be found here.
The park has a rich flora and fauna. Apart from panthers and tigers, the Pench National Park also accommodates chital, black buck, black-naped hares, hyenas, flying squirrels, sambar, foxes, wild boar, porcupines, jackals, chausingha and nilgai. The park also abounds with plenty of birds (including migratory as well as resident) like Indian pitas, white eyed buzzards, waterfowls, Malabar pied hornbills, storks, green pigeon and ospreys.