Mahakaleshwar Temple is regarded as one of the most auspicious temples of the Hindus in the sacred town of Ujjain. The temple lies near a lake. The temple has a broad courtyard surrounded by huge walls. There are five levels inside the temple and one of the levels is situated underground. Dakshinamurti is the name given to the idol of Mahakaleshwar and the deity faces the south.
The temple is regarded as one of the twelve Jyotirlingas of India. There is a myth among the locals that the prasad offered to the deity can be again reoffered, and this is believed to be a special feature performed only in this temple. The idol in this temple is of Omkareshwar Shiva and the deity is consecrated in the sanctum just above the Mahakal shrine. A huge fair takes place in the temple premises on the auspicious day of Mahashivaratri.
The Kal Bhairav Temple situated in the temple town of Ujjain is one of the finest examples of the ancient Hindu culture. It is said that the temple is associated with the cult of tantra. The Kal Bhairav is believed to be one of the fierce manifestations of Lord Shiva. The temple is the sacred place for hundreds of devotees who visit the place on a daily basis and one can easily spot sadhus with ash-smeared bodies around the temple premises. There are beautiful lamp stands in the temple. In the temple premises, there is a banyan tree, and under that tree there is a Shivalinga.
The Shivalinga is located just opposite to the statue of Nandi, the bull. A lot of myth is associated with this temple. There is a belief among the devotees that one who wishes for something from the core of their heart always gets their wish fulfilled. A massive fair takes place on the temple ground on the auspicious day of Mahashivaratri.
Bade Ganeshji Ka Mandir is situated in the temple town of Ujjain, and the temple is considered as one of the most traditional temples in the entire town. The deity is considered as very auspicious by the locals and also by hundreds of devotees who come from faraway places in order to take a glimpse of Lord Ganesha.
The temple is situated just above the pond near the Mahakaleshwar Temple. There is a huge figure of Ganeshji enshrined in the temple. The sculpture is considered to be very powerful by the locals as there is a myth that anyone who makes a wish to the deity gets his or her wish fulfilled within a short time.
It is the beauty of the idol that matters the most as it is a rare piece to be found in the present days. One can learn Sanskrit and Astrology inside the temple premises, which is offered by the Temple authority.
Harsiddhi Temple is a very special temple as it finds an important place in the temple town of Ujjain. The temple belongs to Devi Annapurna who is painted in a dark vermilion colour. The idol of Annapurna is seated between the idols of Devi Mahalakshmi and Devi Saraswati. The symbol power of shakti is known as Shri Yantra and this yantra is also enshrined in this temple.
The place shares a very special place in the Puranas, as the myth says that when Lord Shiva was carrying the body of Sati, her elbow dropped at this place. It was during the time when the Marathas were reigning the place, the temple has been reconstructed and hence, the special feature of Maratha art is visible among the two pillars decorated with lamps.
The temple has an ancient well in its premises and an artistic pillar that beautifies the top of the temple. The deity is considered to be very powerful by the locals.
Pir Matsyendranath is named after the great Shaivite leader Matsyendranath of the Natha sect. The leader is called Pir by his followers, and the place is highly respected by both the Hindus and Muslims. The place is situated on the banks of the river Shipra. The place is located near the Bhartrihari Caves and the Gadkalika temple.
One can reach the place with ease as it is situated at a distance of 1 km from the main city of Ujjain. Antiquities were found at this famous site during excavations, and these antiquities date back to the 6th and 7th century B.C.
The architecture of the place is something that one has never seen before. It is a simple white structure but the style is very different. One has to look very closely at the structural details in order to examine the quality of the architectural design. A lot of devotees visit the place every day.
The Kaliadeh Palace is one of the most famous historical landmarks of the temple town of Ujjain. The palace was built by the Sultan of Mandu long back in the year 1458 A.D. The palace is situated on an island in the heart of the river Shipra. At the time of the pindaris, the palace had been completely demolished and was restored back by Shri Madhav Rao Scindia in the year 1920.
The palace has a great architectural value, and the central hall of the palace represents one of the finest examples of the Persian architecture. The palace bears the legacy of holding two Persian inscriptions on the visit of Akbar and Jahangir.
The palace is one of the most visited sites according to the Ministry of Tourism, Madhya Pradesh. One finds it beautiful as the river Shipra flows from both sides of the palace making the entire landscape more glorious.
Bhartrihari Caves are considered as one of the most famous tourist spots in Madhya Pradesh situated on the banks of the river Shipra. The cave is very near to the antique town of Ujjain. The place is referred to as an idyllic spot by the Ministry of Tourism, Madhya Pradesh. It is an incredible experience that one shares after entering the caves.
The sculptures inside the caves do not exist much in the present days, but a great experience is waiting for those who have still not visited the place. One has to go deep below the ground, and it is difficult to breathe there inside the ground. The cave is named after Bhartrihari, the elder brother of the legendary King Vikramaditya.
The place became famous by the yogic practices of Bhartrihari who became one of the cult figures in the Natha sect. If one observes the structural designs of the cave, it would remind them of the two-storied cloister of the Parmar Period dating back to 10th century A.D.
Vedha Shala is the famous observatory of Ujjain that has been built by Maharaja Sawai Raj Jaisingh of Jaipur in the year 1719. It is true that Ujjain was one of the centres of astronomical studies in ancient India. The calendar in Northern India is known as the Panchang, and it is made based on the calculations made at Ujjain.
It is on the south-eastern part of the town where the observatory lies, and the observatory consists of four monuments. The observatory houses a planetarium and a telescope and is considered as a hot spot for tourists. The third monument among the four is known as the Dignasha Yantra and the positions of the stars and planets are calculated with the help of this monument.
The sun dial is very famous in this observatory as the instrument is used mainly for finding out the declination of any kind of celestial body from the celestial equator.
Vikram University, situated in the antique town of Ujjain, is named after the prolific ruler Vikramaditya. Established in the year 1957, the university is considered as one of the most famous universities of Madhya Pradesh. There are a lot of facilities that are provided by the University authority.
The university library is known as the Maharaja Jiwaji Rao Library, and it has produced 1645 Ph.D. thesis till date. Another noted part of the university is the University Press that was established in the year 1961. The campus is satellite connected and is accessed to more than 500 online research journals.
The university has its own work department that looks after the buildings and helps in planning new constructions. Several eminent personalities have the university as their Alma Mater. There are several scientists, educationists and a former Chief Justice of India in the list of those bright students who have passed out from the university.
Kalidas Academy is a multi-disciplinary institution established by the Government of Madhya Pradesh in the year 1978 in the temple town of Ujjain. Poet Kalidas is one of the legendary figures in the history of Indian literature and this institution was established in order to pay a tribute to this legendary figure.
The objective of the Government was to keep the memory of this great poet refreshed among the common people. The academy is considered as one of the brilliant centres for studying and researching in Sanskrit all across the country. The main objective of the academy is to explore the literature of Kalidas not only from an academic point of view but also from interdisciplinary angles.
Translation and documentation of the works of Kalidas is one of the main attributes of this academy as they publish this work in other foreign languages. There are a lot of seminars and cultural programs that are organized by the academy on a regular basis.
Sandalwala Building has been built in the year 1925. The building was built by Fida Husain Abdul Husain Sandalwala. The building carries the legacy of the ancient Indian architecture as many believe that this type of architecture is not present in the buildings of the present day.
Artisans from Ujjain and Jaipur worked very hard in order to build this famous building. One gets a nostalgic touch after looking at the building. The building is regarded as one of the greatest architectural masterpieces in the entire Ujjain city and one who visits the R.P. Bharghav Marg in Ujjain gets a glimpse of this famous building.
The building is now looked after by the Municipal Corporation of Ujjain and the State Government of Madhya Pradesh. One who visits the interiors of the building would see that the building looks like a palace itself. The descendants of Fida Husain Sandalwala are residing in the building at the present time.
Chintaman Ganesh Temple is one of the most sacred temples of Ujjain. Hundreds of devotees every day visit the temple premises in order to get the divine blessings of Lord Ganesha. Chintaman is an ancient Hindu word that means 'relieving tension'. It is believed by the devotees that Lord Ganesha gives complete relief to each and every devotee who visits the deity in times of stress.
The river Shipra flows by the temple premises just beside the Fatehpur railway line. There are many facilities by which the devotees can reach the temple premises. One can reach the temple by private cars, bus, auto rickshaws and even by train. The temple is just 5 km away from the Ujjain railway station. There is a belief among common people that the Ganesh idol in the temple is Swayambhu. Riddhi and Siddhi are seated on the either sides of the deity as they are his consorts.
Siddhavat is located in the holy town of Ujjain. The river Shipra flows by the site. The place is very well-known because of its sanctity as the Akshyavata of Prayag. One who visits the place would see that the Shipra abounds in tortoises at Siddhavat.
The Siddhavat Ghat is famous for the post funeral rites. Hundreds of people all across the state of Madhya Pradesh visit the place throughout the year in order to perform the rites. The place is also referred in the Puranas as Preta-shilla-teertha. The locals do believe that Goddess Parvati performed penance here.
There is also a myth that a large banyan tree had been cut off, and the area was covered with iron sheets. But surprisingly, the offshoots of the banyan tree pierced through the iron sheets. From that day, the place was considered as sacred by the locals. The followers of the Nath sect also worship in this place.
Vikram Kirti Mandir was constructed in the holy town of Ujjain in order to establish the glory of the Mauryan Age in the minds of the younger generation. The Scindia Oriental Research Institute, an archaeological museum, an art gallery and an auditorium is owned by the Vikram Kirti Mandir. The place was established as a cultural centre on the occasion of the second millennium of the Vikram era.
The museum exhibits a rich array of images, copper plates and fossils that have been discovered in the Narmada valley. There is a huge skull of a primitive elephant that has grown to be the subject of special interest among the common people.
There are more than eighteen thousand manuscripts of various subjects in the Scindia Oriental Research Institute. These are rare manuscripts present in the institute on Persian, Arabic and other Indian languages. The research institute is considered to be the main tourist attraction spot inside the Vikram Kirti Mandir.
Gopal Mandir is one of the famous places of Ujjain and the temple is consecrated to Lord Krishna. The temple is also called Dwarikadhish Temple. The temple was built by Bayajibai Shinde in the 19th century.
Bayajibai was the queen of Maharaja Daulat Rao Shinde. The temple is one of the finest examples of Maratha architecture. The deity is in the silver form with a height of almost 2 ft. It is on a marble-inlaid altar where the idol has been placed, and there are silver-plated doors.
There is a myth about the silver-plated doors that they had been stolen by Mahmud Ghazi, and it was stolen from the Somnath Temple. It was taken back to Lahore by Mahmud Shah Abdali who was an Afghan invader.
After a long struggle, the doors were recovered and were installed at the Gopal Mandir. A lot of festivals are celebrated throughout the year including Janmashtami, in the temple premises.