The greatest of the three Pyramids of Giza is the Great Pyramid of Giza, also known as the Great Pyramid or Great Pyramid of Khufu. Around 2560 BCE, it was finished and dedicated to Khufu, the second ruler of Egypt's 4th dynasty.
An iconic representation of Egypt is the Great Pyramid of Giza. It was constructed over a twenty-year period during the rule of King Khufu (2589-2566 BCE) of the 4th Dynasty and is situated on the Giza plateau close to the contemporary city of Cairo. The pyramid complex had a burial chamber, a causeway, and a mortuary temple leading to the valley temple.
The only remaining example of one of the ancient Seven Wonders of the World is the Great Pyramid. It is a wonder mostly because of its scale and the extraordinary precision with which the work was completed, making it possibly the largest structure ever built. It is believed to be Khufu's final resting place or tomb, although just an empty sarcophagus has been discovered within. The pyramid's four equal sides, each measuring around 755 feet, made up its original height of roughly 482 feet (147 meters). High-polished limestone casing stones once covered the enormous, stepped sides. These stones, which were slotted together with perfect perfection and weighed about 15 tonnes each when in position, would have given the structure a shiny appearance in the sun.
Great Pyramid of Giza History:
Between 2600 and 2500 BC, the Fourth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt was when the three Pyramids of Giza were constructed. The Pyramid of Khufu is the earliest of these constructions. The construction of each of the three Pyramids is estimated to have taken 20 to 30 years and involved 20,000 to 40,000 hired employees. They were constructed on the west bank of the Nile, which was considered to be the location of the setting sun and to be connected to the afterlife.
The pyramids were built to serve as tombs for the pharaohs who had passed away. When a pharaoh passed away, according to ancient Egyptian belief, they would continue to exist as gods in the afterlife. Since they needed to be buried with anything they could require in the afterlife, the pharaoh's valuables were kept in the pyramids. They also had mortuary temples where priests could worship the pharaohs who had passed away.
Over the course of three generations, the kings Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure constructed the three main pyramids on the Giza plateau. Each pyramid was a component of a complex of royal tombs that also comprised a temple at the base and a lengthy stone causeway that stretched almost a kilometer from the plateau to a temple in a valley on the edge of the floodplain.
A number of smaller pyramids belonging to queens are organized as satellites in addition to these significant constructions. The land to the east and west of the pyramid of Khufu is covered in a vast cemetery of smaller tombs known as mastabas. Mastabas, which are tiny ancient Egyptian tombs, surround the three Giza Pyramids. The mastabas were a type of early temple building that influenced the development of the pyramid. There are also smaller queen pyramids in the vicinity. These were built for significant members of the court and were organized in a grid-like design. It was a tremendous honor and guaranteed a valuable spot in the afterlife to be buried close to the pharaoh.
Great Pyramid of Giza Ticket prices:
1) Entrance to Giza Plateau: 200 EGP per adult and 100 EGP per student with ID proof
2) Entrance to Great Pyramid: 400 EGP
3) Entrance to Pyramid of Khafre: 100 EGP
4) Entrance to Pyramid of Menkaure: 100 EGP
5) Solar Boat Museum: 100 EGP
6) All-inclusive ticket (Giza Plateau, Great Pyramid, and Solar Boat Museum): 600 EGP
Please note: It's crucial to understand that there are two entrances to the Pyramids of Giza after you have your tickets. One is next to the Marriott Mena House hotel and right next to the Great Pyramid. The second is lower down in front of the Sphinx, away from the pyramids.
Best time to visit the Great Pyramid of Giza:
October to March
Great Pyramid of Giza Timings:
8:00 AM - 5:00 PM (April to September)
8:00 AM - 4:00 PM (October to March)
Please note: Timings and prices are subject to change; hence it is advisable to check before you travel.