» »British Architectural Monuments of India

British Architectural Monuments of India

By Siji Ram

India is a land that has many stunning works of architecture to flaunt, among other tourist attractions. Some of these architectural wonders were built during the British Colonial era in India.

Let us take a look at some of the best British architectural structures that were built during the pre-Independence period of India.

india gate

India Gate
Photo Courtesy: Bijoy Mohan 

1. India Gate

The All India War Memorial Arch, also known as the India Gate is one of the monuments built by the British. The monument was designed by the famous British architect Edward Lutyens, and was completed in 1931. This memorial in Delhi was built to commemorate the death of 70,000 Indian and British soldiers who lost their lives fighting for the British in World War I.

parliament house

Parliament House
Photo Courtesy: A.Savin 

2. Parliament House

The Parliament House in Delhi, originally called the House of Parliament, is yet another monument designed by Edward Lutyens along with Herbert Baker, and was inaugurated in 1927 by Lord Irwin, the then Governor General of India. The House of Parliament is the supreme legislative body of India.

rashtrapati bhavan

Rashtrapati Bhavan
Photo Courtesy: KuwarOnline 

3. Rashtrapati Bhavan

Rastrapati Bhavan, located in Delhi, was the erstwhile residence of the British Viveroy. This impressive structure is also a work of art by the British architect Edward Lutyens.

gateway of india

Gateway of India
Photo Courtesy: Beetelaces 

4. Gateway of India

Located in Mumbai, the Gateway of India is another majestic structure that was built in 1911 to commemorate the arrival of King George V to India. It is also fondly known as the Taj Mahal of Mumbai as it is the most popular attraction of the city of Mumbai.

Click to know some interesting facts about Gateway of India

5. Victoria Memorial

Victoria Memorial in Kolkata was built in the memory of Queen Victoria. This monument was designed by Sir William Emerson who was the President of the British Institute of Architects.

st. marys church

St. Mary's Church
Photo Courtesy: L.vivian.richard  

6. St. Mary's Church

St. Mary's Church in Chennai is the oldest British monument built in India, and also the oldest Anglican church in South Asia.

7. Writers' Building

The Writers' Building, often known as just Writers', is the West Bengal State government's secretariat building. This building was originally the office for the writers at British East India Company.

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