Eco-tourism is the practice of promoting tourism that conserves natural resources, enhances the environment, and benefits local people. Tourism is an important part of the economy, providing employment and income to many areas. Eco-tourism involves applying ethical guidelines to ensure that visitors do not harm the environment or people in their community.
Tamil Nadu is a potential eco-tourism destination that has a lot of Eco-tourism destinations from wildlife sanctuaries to forests, hill stations, and a huge biodiverse coastline where tourists can enjoy the beauty of nature while being active in protecting the environment. It is also a place where people can live in harmony with nature and its surroundings.
Here is the list of Best Ecotourism Destination In Tamil Nadu:
1) Mudumalai Sanctuary:
Situated around 150 km northwest of Coimbatore. The beauty of Mudumalai Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu is truly breathtaking. The lush greenery, flowing streams and numerous waterfalls make it a site to behold. Having its home in the extraordinary and mesmerizing Nilgiri Mountains, part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve Mudumalai Sanctuary is also known as Madumalai Tiger Reserve, which is home to approximately 48 tigers.
2) Annamalai Sanctuary:
Spread over 958 sq. km the Annamalai sanctuary is home to many endangered animals and birds including elephants, leopards, tigers, black panthers, bears, rhinoceros, and many more. This sanctuary is also known for its exotic flora and fauna. The Annamalai Tiger Reserve is also located within Annamalai Sanctuary. The sanctuary has a rich biodiversity with over 800 species of flowering plants, 300 species of trees and shrubs, 160 species of birds, 50 species of mammals, and more than 1000 species of butterflies approximately.
Kodaikanal is a hill station at 2,000 meters above sea level in Tamil Nadu, having lush greenery of coffee plantations, coconut groves, and paddy fields. It is famous for its natural beauty, which is what makes it an ideal location for eco-tourism. Eco-tourism in Kodaikanal includes Guna Caves, Kodai lake, Berijam Lake, and Waterfalls and eco-activities include Boating, Hiking, and Cycling.
A part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and a larger mountain chain is known as the Western Ghats, which is spread over Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. Nilgiri Mountain Railway was added by UNESCO under Mountain railways of India. The Nilgiris is the ideal destination for eco-tourists and nature lovers. The region is home to several national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. There are many places where one can spot animals, reptiles, amphibians, birds, and plants. A very Ideal destination for eco-tourists with one of the most beautiful hiking.
Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary
5) Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary:
Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary is a protected area in the state of Tamil Nadu, India located in Kodiyakarai, The sanctuary is home to a wide variety of wildlife species, including endangered mammals and birds. It is also one of the few places in India where you can see wild elephants in their natural habitat. The sanctuary has been designated as a bird sanctuary as well as wildlife. Calimere wildlife bird sanctuary has also been declared one of the Ramsar sites in India. You can also witness the Palk strait connecting the Bay of Bengal in between south-eastern India and northern Sri Lanka.