People know about the famous Harappan Civilisation, but not many are aware of the ancient site of Rakhigarhi. Located in the Hisar district of Haryana, Rakhigarhi is a small village that is said to be one of the five biggest townships of the Indus Valley Civilisation, including Harappa, Mohenjo Daro and Ganweriwala. According to reports, the Rakhigarhi site was excavated by one of the historians from the Archaeological Survey of India called Amarendra Nath. The Archaeological Survey of India claims that Rakhigarhi is the biggest Harappan site in Asia due to the discovery of five mounds spread in a huge area at the site.
The excavations revealed interesting facts about the ancient ceramic industry, township planning and the structures of burial grounds, animal sacrificing pits and others. It also provided a rough idea about the Harappan ritual system. Several other items such as animal figurines, terracotta bangles, gold jewellery, semiprecious stones and toy cart frames were also excavated from the ancient site that date back to 5,000 BC.
How To Reach Rakhigarhi
By Air: The nearest airport is the Hisar Airport and it is well connected to almost all the major Indian cities. The airport is situated at a distance of 12 km from the main city of Hisar. The Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi can also be used to reach Hisar.
By Rail: Hisar railway station is the nearest railway station and it is connected to cities like Ahmedabad, Jaipur and others. From the railway station, tourists can hire a cab to reach Rakhigarhi.
By Road: Hisar is well connect by roadways and tourists can directly reach Rakhigarhi by rented cabs or taxis. Apart from cabs or taxis, tourists can also avail the private bus service owned by the Haryana State Road Transport Corporation to reach the place.
Places To Visit In And Around Rakhigarhi
Located in the town of Hansi, Asigarh Fort was built by the popular ruler of the Hindu Chauhan dynasty called Prithviraj Chauhan during the 12th century. However, the Asigarh Fort was rebuilt in 1798 by George Thomas. The Archaeological Survey of India has declared this square-shaped fort as a centrally protected monument. The structure of the fort is quite unique with 52-feet-tall boundary walls that were impenetrable by the enemies. The fort was constructed following the Hindu architectural style with figures of gods on the entrance gates. Later, during the reign of Firoz Shah Tughlaq, he constructed an underground tunnel in this fort that connected Hansi to Hisar.
Distance from Rakhigarhi: 47.2 km
Lohari Ragho, a small village, is located near the ancient historical site of Rakhigarhi in the Hisar district of Haryana. It houses three historic mounds which date back to the Sothi-Siswal ceramic period. In 1980, two officials named Dhoop Singh and Chanderpal Singh from the Department of Archaeology and Museums excavated those mounds from this place. Lohari Ragho also has a few religious monuments such as Gurudwara Banda Bahadur, a Shiva temple and several others.
Distance from Rakhigarhi: 20.6 km
Built in 1303 AD during the reign of Sultan Alauddin Khilji, Barsi Gate is one the most beautiful structures in Haryana. It showcases Persian inscription at the top and is a stunning specimen of the Sultani architecture. Later in 1522 AD, this gate was repaired during the rule of Ibrahim Lodhi. Barsi Gate is the main gateway of the Hansi town.
Distance from Rakhigarhi: 46.8 km
Firoz Shah Palace
The Firoz Shah Palace was built by Firoz Shah Tughlaq, who was the sultan of Delhi from 1351 to 1388 AD. Located in the Hisar district, this edifice is made up of rubble stonework and lime plaster. The palace features several underground apartments called the Diwan-e-Aam, Gujri Mahal, a mosque called the Lat Ki Masjid and a storehouse. The architecture of the palace was hugely inspired by Indian as well as Islamic designs.
Distance from Rakhigarhi: 59.3 km
Built in 1984, Agroha Dham is a Hindu temple dedicated to Goddess Mahalaxmi. The temple is divided into three parts and only the central part of the temple is dedicated to Goddess Mahalaxmi. The two other sections are used to worship Goddess Saraswati and Maharaja Agarsen, who was the ruler of the state of Agroha. Visitors can also find a huge pond named Shakti Sarovar at the rear side of the Agroha Temple.
Distance from Rakhigarhi: 57.9 km
Dargah Char Qutub
Credit: Rohit Agarwal
Located in the western part of the town of Hansi, Dargah Char Qutub is a group of four monuments that were constructed in the memory of four Sufi saints called Jamal-ud-din Hansvi, Qutubuddin Munawar, Burhan-ud-din and Nuruddin. It is said that this place serves as the final resting place of these four saints, who were given the title of Qutub.
Originally, these tombs were quite small, but later these were constructed again into a bigger mosque during the reign of Firoz Shah Tughlaq. Tourists can also take a look of the other monuments constructed within the complex such as the tombs of Mir Ali, Begum Skinner and Mir Tijarah.
Distance from Rakhigarhi: 46.8 km