The Pushkar Lake is a semi-circular shaped sacred water body, also known as 'TirthaRaj’. According to Hindu mythology, the lake was created from one of the petals that fell from the lotus flower with which Lord Bramha killed the demon Vajra Nabh. This sacred Hindu lake has a maximum depth of about 10 m.
The Pushkar Lake is surrounded by more than 300 temples and has 52 ghats (a series of steps leading to the lake), where devotees take holy bath. It is a belief that if a person takes a holy dip in the lake on Kartik Purnima, then that person attains salvation. There is also a belief that taking a sacred bath in the lake clears one from all sins and that it cures all skin diseases.
The Brahma Temple is located on the banks of the Pushkar Lake. It is one of the few temples in India, which is dedicated to the Hindu God, Lord Brahma.
According to Hindu folklore, Lord Brahma was determined to perform a yajnya (fire-worship) at Pushkar. However, his wife, Savitri was not present to perform the yajnya with him at the designated time. This compelled Lord Brahma to marry a local milkmaid, Gayatri, to perform the yajnya with her.
This act of Lord Bramha irked his wife, Savitri. She cursed Lord Bramha that he would not be worshipped anywhere else, except Pushkar. This temple was originally built in the 14th century. The temple has a majestic four-headed image of Lord Brahma sitting in a lotus position with his young consort, Gayatri on the left, and Savitri on the right.
The Savitri Temple was built in 1687, on the top of the Ratnagiri Hill and is dedicated to the deserted wife of Lord Brahma, Savitri. It is believed that the goddess rested upon this hill on her arrival in Pushkar.
She refused to join her husband, Lord Brahma, in his worship as he had already married a local girl, Gayatri. The temple has its route through hills, and it takes about an hour to reach the temple. It is located on the hill, behind the Bramha Temple. It provides a magnificent view of the lake and its surrounding picturesque villages.
Man Mahal was originally built by Raja Man Singh I of Amber. It is located on the eastern part of the sacred Pushkar Lake. Visitors can get a full view of the banks and temples located around the lake from the Man Mahal. This ancestral guest house has now been converted into a hotel and is under the administration of the Rajasthan Tourism Development Corporation (RTDC).
The Ramavaikunth Temple is one of the most fascinating temples in Pushkar. This temple was constructed in the 1920s. It has 361 images of different deities. It is said that masons brought from South India built this temple. This temple is dedicated to Lord Bramha's wife, Savitri.
The Aptaeshwar Temple is one of the three most sacred and popular temples in Pushkar. The temple was built during 10th century AD and is dedicated to the Hindu God, Lord Shiva. There is a magnificent Shivling in the main hall of the temple. It is one of the several temples that were demolished by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb; the temple was rebuilt later.
The Varaha Temple was originally built in the 12th century but was destroyed by the fanatic Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. The temple was rebuilt in the year 1727 by Raja Sawai Jai Singh II of Jaipur. It has an elegant structure and is heavily decorated with invaluable ornaments.
The Rangji Temple is a holy temple in Pushkar, which was built in 1823 by Seth Puran Mal Ganeriwal. The temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu's incarnation, Rangji. It has been built in the Dravidian architectural style but also has some of the Rajput and the Mughal architectural traits. Besides a high-rising 'Gopuram', the temple has two structures of gatekeepers at the main entrance.
Pushkar is famous for its world-famous 'Cattle Fair'. Every year, the 'Cattle Fair' is held during Kartik Purnima, in the month of November. During this festivity, millions of devotees arrive at Pushkar, to take a holy dip in the sacred Pushkar Lake. The trade of domesticated animals, camels mainly, remains a large attraction at the fair. The fair also hosts a series of cultural events that include puppet shows, camel races and so on.
The Pushkar Bazaar is an epitome of the cultural exhibition of Rajasthan, especially during the Pushkar Fair. The bazaar offers varieties of items, ranging from Rajasthani costumes and puppets, embroidery items, bangles and beads, brass utensils and many more Rajasthani handicrafts. Most of the traditional items sold in the Pushkar Bazaar are usually brought from Barmer and other parts of Rajasthan.
Camel Safari offers travellers with camel rides on sand dunes, along with the option of camping in the open desert. This safari is an excellent way to explore the blazing grandeur of the desert. Travellers can choose for overnight halts.
Adventure trips such as this, may stretch anywhere between two days to a month, depending on one's adventure level. Experienced travel escorts accompany tourists on such trips. Though camel rides and camping in the desert may seem tough, but are yet enjoyable and thrilling.