Bathinda Fort is one of the many recommended tourist attractions in Amritsar. Built by the founder of Bathinda town, Bhatti Rao, some 1800 years ago, this schooner-shaped fort was captured by Maharaja Ala Singh of Patiala in 1745 AD. The archives reveal that the 10th Sikh guru, Guru Gobind Singh Ji, visited Bathinda Fort many centuries back. As a tribute to his visit, a gurdwara was established near the fort. Surrounded by layers of sand of the desert region, the magnificent structure of Bathinda Fort gives the impression of a ship.
Ber Baba Buddha is one of the three sacred trees located within the Golden Temple precincts, Lachi Ber and Dukh-Bhanjani Ber being the other two. Standing on the northern bank of Amrit Sarovar, this jujube tree is named after one of the most revered Sikh saints, Baba Buddha. It is believed that Baba Buddha used to sit in the shade of umbrella-like leafy branches of this tree while supervising the excavation of the tank.
For his zeal and devotion, Baba Buddha was appointed Granthi by Guru Arjan Dev Ji when the sacred Adi Granth was first installed in Harmandir Sahib in 1604. The first high priest of the Golden Temple, Baba Buddha, passed his last days in Ram Das village, now home to the Ber Baba Buddha Sahib. Set right in front of the Golden Temple, Ber Baba Buddha completes the visit to the shrine and is, thus, a must visit.
Banasar Garden, situated in the middle of the pond with marble baradari (a building with 12 doors), provides travellers with a pleasing experience during the night, when the moonlight falls on the water creating little sparkles.
This place was earlier used by rulers of the Jind state during summers and is now open for everyone on all days of the week, without any entry fee. The garden also has a palace which is now converted into a museum where ancient weapons and articles have been displayed.
Archaeological Museum was set up by the Archaeological Survey of India in the year 1998 to exhibit all the artefacts excavated from the first Harappan site near Rupnagar, post independence. Various artefacts like vina vadini (lady playing veena), gold coins of Chandragupta and others are displayed in the museum. Apart from this, tourists can also catch a glimpse of some well-preserved monuments of Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh, along with World Heritage Monuments.
Baretta was initially a village founded by the Aggerwals and Rajputs. It is home to the Chaudhry Asha Ram Dharamshala, which is the former residence of Asha Ram Chaudhry, who founded the Janta Dukh Daman Pharmacy. This quiet and peaceful city has a small population, which is below 15000. The main attraction of this city is the Milkha Singh Educational Institute, which is situated on the Budhlada road. This institute offers varied courses like Engineering, IT, Banking and Pharmacy, amongst others.
Bathinda Lake is one of the popular attractions that tourists must try to visit during their stay in Bathinda. Boat rides, water scooters and modified Kashmiri shikaras are highlights of this tourist attraction, which boasts of lush green surroundings.
Aam Khas Bagh is remnant of the highway inn built by the famous Mughal emperor Babur. Later, it was renovated by Shah Jahan as many royals stayed here, on their way to Lahore. Sarad Khana, an air conditioning system in the Aam Khas complex is noteworthy of mention.
The Daulat-Khana-E-Khas or the Sheesh Mahal, a monument in the complex once boasted of decorated walls, minarets, tanks and fountains and domes with beautiful glazed tiles. The Hamam is also skilfully engineered with special terracotta channels in the underground for heating water.
Every year, at the time of Shaheedi Jor Mela, a light and sound play called Sirhind Di Deewar is organised here. This show is a must-watch for tourists as it depicts the history of the Sikh martyrdom in an engaging manner.
Achaleshwar Temple, situated on the opposite side of Gurudwara Shri Achal Sahib, is dedicated to Lord Karthik. The name is derived from Karthikeya, which means grantor of happiness and power. He is the son of Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva and is also known as Murugan.
As per the board displayed within the complex, this temple dates back to ‘Satyug’. This religious site is visited by thousands of devotees and tourists every year, who enjoy its calm and peaceful environment.
Anandpur Sahib, located in the lower half of the Himalayan range, is also known as the Holy City of Bliss. This city was founded by Guru Tegh Bahadur - the ninth Sikh guru. It is a popular belief that Dowager Rani Champa of Bilaspur gave a piece of land to the guru for attending the mourning of her husband, Raja Dip Chand.
Guru Tegh Bahadur raised the village of Chakk Nanaki near the remains of Makhowal, which later became popular as Anandpur Sahib. The annual festival of Holla Mohalla, which attracts a lot of tourists, is also celebrated here. This place, around 41 km away from Rupnagar, has some famous gurdwaras and forts that are sacred for Sikhs.
Baba Balraj Temple Balachaur was built in commemoration of the renowned Baba Raj Dev, who came to this place in the 16th century and started meditating here. After his demise, his son built this temple in the year 1596.
Earlier, in 1534, Sher Shah Suri came to seek blessings of baba before going for a battle against Humayun. On the day after Diwali, a fair is organised, where wrestling matches are held. This temple is located in a beautiful village of Balachaur, which is at a distance of 18.7 km from Nawanshahr city.
The Abohar Wildlife Sanctuary is a place where nature can be witnessed in its most expressive form. The area was declared a Wildlife Sanctuary in 2000, under the Wildlife Protection Act 1972. The sanctuary consists of 13 revenue villages, and is inhabited by the Bishnoi community.
The Wildlife Area has tropical dry mixed deciduous forest, which is inhabited by several varieties of animals. The Black Buck Deer are found in plenty and freely roam even in domestic neighbourhood. Tourists can also spot porcupine, nilgai, wild boar, jackal and various other animals.
Bhakra Dam is part of the Bhakra-Nangal Dam on the Sutlej river. Situated in Bilaspur district, it gets its name from Bhakra village and is renowned as the second largest dam in India. The dam, with its huge hydroelectric power generators, helps in the generation of hydroelectricity for the home state and other neighbouring states of Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh. This dam also helps in controlling the monsoon floods in the area.
Facilitating better irrigation, it helps increase the agricultural produce of the region as well. This dam also boasts of the famous man-made reservoir - Gobind Sagar. The exceptional scenic beauty and lush green surroundings attract many tourists from all over the country.
Barki Memorial was built in 1969 in honour of the soldiers of the 7 Infantry Division, who sacrificed their lives during the battle of 1965. The foundation stone of the memorial was laid down by Lt. Gen. Harbakhsh Singh VC on 11th September 1969, and the inauguration was done by Lt. Gen. HK Sibal MVC.
The memorial, presently a part of the Saragarhi Complex, has a 27-ft high pillar in the centre that has been built using white gneiss and red sandstone. A patton tank and the Barki Milestone stand in the South, and a water fountain in the north, with the pillar in the centre. Barki Memorial, boasting of classical Indian architecture, is also famous for its mouldings and relief carvings.
Baradari Gardens are located in the north of the old Patiala city. As the name suggests, it has twelve doors, each an entrance. The garden was constructed near the Baradari Palace, which was initially the residence of Emperor Rajinder Singh. He planted rare varieties of trees and flowers in this garden.
Presently, the Baradari Palace boasts of a collection of important historical documents. Having a marble statue of Rajinder Singh, these gardens are loved by people of all age groups.
The Anglo Sikh War Memorial was built in 1976 in honour of martyrs. Large paintings commemorate the valour of the Punjabis, who sacrificed their lives fighting against the British troops at Mudki, Ferozeshah. The three-storeyed building on the banks of the Rajasthan canal showcases portraits of noteworthy people whose names are etched in history, weapons, bravery on the battlefield, etc.
This memorial is situated at Ferozeshah which is at about 16 km away from Ferozepur at Moga Road.