Ranganathittu bird sanctuary, located in the Mandya district of Karnataka, has been declared a Ramsar site by the Ministry of environment, forests, and climate change (MoEFCC). This means that it is one of the most important wetland sites in the world and is protected under the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands.
Ranganathittu spreads across 517.70 hectares and houses 225 species of birds, 69 species of fish, 188 species of plants, 13 species of frogs, 30 species of butterflies, and 98 species of medicinal plants. It also houses a good population of mugger crocodiles, endangered hump-backed mahseer fish, and smooth-coated.
Ranganathittu bird sanctuary has 1% of the world's population of spot-billed pelicans, which is around 17,000 in the whole world and Ranganathittu hosts 1,000 among that. With this, it is now a global hotspot for the conservation of endangered birds and other wildlife.
Along with the Ranganathittu bird sanctuary, there is a total of 10 Ramsar sites have been declared on Wednesday including Satkosia Gorge in Odisha, Nanda Lake in Goa, and Sirpur wetland in Madhya Pradesh on Wednesday. With this, India now has 64 Ramsar sites.
Ministry of environment, forests, and climate change (MoEFCC) congratulated all by tweeting "Congratulations to all! #Ramsar declares 10 more sites from India as sites of International importance for the conservation of global biological diversity. This brings the total of Ramsar sites to 64 and the surface area covered by these sites to 1,250,360.41 ha."