The Pench National Park lies in the lower Southern areas of Satpuda hills. This place is referred to after the Pench River which twists through the Pench National Park from North to South. This park is situated on the Southern border of Madhya Pradesh, neighboring Maharashtra.
It was confirmed as a national park in the year 1983 and in 1992, the place was officially declared as the nineteenth Tiger reserve of India. This park is rich in shrubs, climbers, trees, herbs, weeds and grasses. There are above 1200 plant species that are found in this place. The park is a dwelling for 164 species of birds, 10 species of amphibians, 33 species of mammals, 30 reptile species and 50 fish species. Moreover, an extensive range of insects can also be found here.
The park has a rich flora and fauna. Apart from panthers and tigers, the Pench National Park also accommodates chital, black buck, black-naped hares, hyenas, flying squirrels, sambar, foxes, wild boar, porcupines, jackals, chausingha and nilgai. The park also abounds with plenty of birds (including migratory as well as resident) like Indian pitas, white eyed buzzards, waterfowls, Malabar pied hornbills, storks, green pigeon and ospreys.
Holkar Fort, built in the 18th century is an amazing tourist attraction in Maheshwar, Madhya Pradesh. Located on the beautiful banks of river Narmada, Holkar Fort is also famous as Ahilya Fort. The Ahilya Fort was then the residence of the queen of Malwa, Maharani Ahilya Bai Holkar.
Tourists, in the fort’s premises, can see various Chhatris and a seat which the queen used to occupy during her stay in the fort. This ancient monument also consists of temples dedicated to several incarnations of lord Shiva. The fort owes its appreciation to Queen Ahilya Bai Holkar who was a powerful ruler and had made efforts to protect her kingdom.
Presently, the fort is a heritage hotel maintained by Prince Shivaji Rao Holkar, the son of the last Maharaja of Indore. The hotel was, however, founded by Prince Richard Holkar. With its splendid architecture of the Maratha period, this fort stands apart as among the prior preferences for tourists.
Apsara Vihar is a small waterfall with a shallow pool below it. It is also known as the Fairy Pool. It is an ideal place for safe swimming, diving and natural open bath. The pool is not so deep. Hence, families with children find this a nice place for fun. This pool is located near the Pandava Caves.
The story behind the name of the pool is interesting. During the British regime the wives of British officers used to come here to take bath. Local people used to peep through the bushes to see them. Seeing the fair skinned ladies they thought that they were celestial women or Apsaras who had descended from heaven to take a bath.
Hence they called it Apsara Vihar or Fairy Pool. For anybody who visits Pachmarhi, taking a bath in Apsara Vihar will be a delightful experience.
Asirgarh Fort or Asigarh Qila was built by Assa Ahir of the Ahir dynasty. The fort was initially called Asa Ahir Garh, but with time was shortened to the present day name. According to local legends, it is believed that this fort can never be conquered by force.
History tells us that even Akbar the Great wanted to conquer the fort, but couldn’t execute the attack because of the security of the fort and also the way it was constructed. The fort is situated in the Satpura Range, and is 69 km away from Khandwa.
Built right at the heart of the valleys, the Asirgarh Fort is connected to the Narmada Valley and Tapti river through a pass via the Satpura Hills. The design of the Asirgarh Fort follows Mughal style which is a blend of Persian, Islamic, Turkish and Indian styles. One can see balconies, minars and tombs inside the fort.
Badal Mahal Darwaza is basically a singular structure of a gate that doesn’t lead to any palace or mahal. This historic gate enjoys a central location in Chanderi, near the Jama Masjid. This imposing gate was constructed by Sultan Mehmood Shah Khilji, the King of Malwa, in the 15th century.
It was built to mark a significant victory. Badal Mahal Darwaza has a height of 100 ft. The structure features elaborate carvings and impressive motifs. The top of the gate features an arched design and two tall minarets stand guard on both sides.
The specialty of the structural design is that a gap exists above the arched top of the gate, which is followed by another arch, which brings up the end of the gate. This gate served the purpose of welcoming and honouring the state guests and visiting kings in a grand manner.
Located approximately 97 km from Dhar town, Bagh Caves are a must visit for tourists visitng Madhya Pradesh. The Bagh Caves hold an uncanny resemblance to the Ajanta Caves with its painting and sculptures.
Bagh Caves are a group of nine monuments that are possibly built by cutting the rocks. Known for the famous mural paintings, the Bagh Caves of Dhar is conveniently known as one of the greatest examples of the India's rock-cut architectures.
Just like the famous Ajanta Caves, the Bagh Caves too have been excavated by craftsmen in the bank of a stream. Most of the inspirations in the Bagh Caves are from the Bhagini and the Buddhist lifestyles during the Gupta period. The caves are like viharas or monasteries, with small chambers and a prayer hall. Without any doubt, this place is a must visit for people who love history and archeology.
Bajrangarh Fort is also famous as Jharkon. This fort is located on the road of Guna Aron. It stands at about 8 km to the south-western direction of Guna. This fort was erected in the year 1775 by the emperors of Maratha. Moreover, the compound of this fort includes Gunnery, Rangmahal and Motimahal. Although the fort has been completely destroyed, it still looks stunning and continues to amaze its visitors.
Bajrangarh Fort stands at an altitude of around 92.3 metres. Inside the fort, there used to be a large stepwell in the vicinity of the gunnery. The well was used to store water mainly for the horses. There is also an old temple inside the fort which is visited by the local residents on a regular basis.
There are no records mentioning the historical dates of the construction of the Bandhavgarh Fort. It is assumed that the fort must be 2,000 years old. The reason behind this is that the Narad-Panch Ratra and the Shiva Purana, talk of this fort. Not to mention that these are ancient relics more than 2000 years old.
This fort holds stories of many dynasties, for example, the Maghas, to the Vakatakas from the 3rd Century; the Sengars from the 5th Century to the Kalchuris from the 10th Century. Maharajah Vikramaditya Singh of the Baghel dynasty made Rewa their capital city, and moved from Bandhavgarh deserting the fort in 1635.
The Bandhavgarh Fort is indeed a popular tourist place that sits atop the Bandhavgarh Hill. Once you are in the fort, the very sight of this place with its rich flora and fauna will take your breath away. As of now the Bandhavgarh fort and Tiger Reserve are interwoven. The fort has become the visiting place of the tigress and their cubs.
Bharhut Stupa lies in the erstwhile state of Nagod and present-day Satna district of Madhya Pradesh. Built in the year 150 BC, the Bharhut Stupa is marvellously built with meticulousness and stands as testimony to the rich culture of ancient India.
The stupa narrates momentous tales from the period when it was constructed. It tells the tale of Lord Buddha’s journey to enlightenment, the yakshas, details everyday life during this period and many such minute details.
The railings of the Bharhut Stupa were carved impressively out of red stone and add beauty to it. Today all that is left are the relics of this exemplary site. Some remains of the Bharhut Stupa are being preserved at the Indian Museum in Kolkata. However, the Bharhut Art Gallery showcases the splendour of the stupa through imitations and pictorial depictions.
Named after the mythological character Bhim in the epic Mahabharata, Bhimbetka is one of the earliest caves in India. It is a World Heritage Site declared by the UNESCO. The Bhimbetka Caves and rock shelters are situated in the Raisen district of Madhya Pradesh. It is surrounded by the Vindhya Mountain Range.
There are more than 600 caves, and these caves have various paintings depicting the daily activities of the ancient people. Apart from human paintings, there are colourful paintings of a variety of animals like tiger, dog, lizard, elephants, buffaloes and so on in many of the caves. The colours used in the paintings are natural. These are vegetable colours and are found on the inner walls of the caves.
It was earlier regarded as a Buddhist site. After the archaeological survey done by an Indian archaeologist called V.S Wakankar, many more rock shelters were discovered which dated back to the pre historic era.
The range of style of the paintings can be traced back over a long period starting from the Paleolithic Age to the Medieval Period. The Bhimbetka caves take us through a journey of different eras and thus is a national treasure of the cultural heritage of India.
Bhojeshwar Temple is a magnificent structure even with its incomplete status. The temple dedicated to Lord Siva holds one of the largest Shivlingams in India. Carved out of a single rock, the lingam in the sanctum is of a breathtaking 7.5 ft tall and 17.8 ft in circumference. With the Shivlingam in its enormous and intricate alignment, the temple prides its position as ‘Somnath of the East’.
Bhojeshwar Temple being an unparalleled example of temple architecture from the 11th to 13th centuries, it would have been a one of its kind wonder of ancient India if completed. The temple’s opulently carved dome and stone structures, intricately crafted doorway and the exquisitely sculpted figures on both the sides of the doorways humble the onlooker.
The balconies of the temple are supported with huge brackets and pillars. The outer walls and the superstructure of the temple were never built. The old earthen ramp used to raise the temple to the dome level is still visible, giving us a taste of ancient intelligence in masonry.
Birla Museum, another offering of Bhopal tourism, has been constructed keeping in mind the need to let the world know about the cultural heritage of Madhya Pradesh. The museum houses a variety of arts and artefacts that give the tourists an insight into the history of the state as well. This museum in Bhopal is one its kind and is an important tourist destination of the state as well.
The museum has on display many objects that show the history of MP from the primitive period and beyond. History lovers will be excited to see the many tools that are known to belong to the Palaeolithic and Neolithic Ages.
There are many stone sculptures also on display that have been dated as belonging to the periods between 7th and 13th centuries. Coins and manuscripts have also been uncovered, which probably are from 2nd century BC. Also, the museum has a superbly amazing scale model of Bhimbetka rock shelter that is bound to leave the visitors in awe.
The glorious and massive monument of India, the Gwalior Fort lies at the heart of Gwalior city. Placed on a hilltop, it gives the visitor a bird’s eye view of the beautiful valley and the whole of the city below. The zigzag pathway to the hill holds the magnificent rock carvings of Jain Theerthankaras.
The present Gwalior Fort is erected by Raja Man Singh Tomar of Tomar Dynasty. The unique architecture of Gwalior fort is the best example of Chinese influence on Indian architectural patterns. The Chinese dragons carved on the pillars of Gwalior Fort stand as an evidence of Indo-Chinese relationship of the era. It is one of the best examples of Medieval Indian architecture.
Gwalior Fort is popularly called the ‘the Gibraltar of India’. Gwalior Fort has witnessed the rule of several dynasties over hundreds of years. Gwalior fort was the battle field of Jhansi Ki Rani and Tantia Tope in their fight against British rule.
The Hindola Mahal was one of the many buildings that made up the royal palace at Mandu. Believed to be constructed during Hoshang Shah’s reign, the Mahal was probably used as a durbar or meeting hall where the king addressed his citizens. The Hindola Mahal, literally “the swinging place” in English, is resplendent and a reminder of the magnificence of the kingdoms of yesteryear.
There is a replica of this palace in the Warangal Fort, possibly constructed under the direction of the architect responsible for the Hindola Mahal. A sample of the Malwa style of architecture, the outer walls or the buttresses are sloping walls inclined at an impressive 77 degrees, giving the palace its name.
The Hindola Mahal is an important marker of history and architecture enthusiasts will find the mahal a portal to travel through and experience the echoes of a durbar long buried in the sands of time.
Islamnagar Fort is the most famous attraction that Islamnagar tourism has to offer to its visitors. The imposing fort has a history that is inherently related to Islamnagar. It was erected by the Afghan commander Dost Mohammad Khan in 1715.
However in the year 1723, when Nizam-ul-Mulk laid siege to Islamnagar, Dost Mohammed Khan was forced to handover the fort to the powerful Nizam after a brief period of resistance. The Nizam forced Dost Mohammed to accept a treaty and become a fort commander in his own fort.
Later, the Scindias occupied the possession of the Islamnagar Fort from 1806 to 1817. Finally, the fort was reinstated to Bhopal. The fort was built with amazing architectural splendour and expertise. In the present day, one can witness the grand remains of the Islamnagar Fort leaving a trail on the green farmlands of the village and talking about its glorious past.