Mehrangarh Fort is perched at an altitude of 150 m on a lofty hill. This magnificent fort was constructed by Rao Jodha in the year 1459. This fort can be reached by road from the Jodhpur city. There are seven gates leading to this fort where visitors can see the marks created by the hits of cannon balls during battles on the second gate.
There is a chhatri of Kirat Singh Soda, a warrior who fell down here while protecting the fort against Amber’s armies. Chhatri refers to a dome-shaped pavilion which was built to express pride and honour in the rich culture of Rajputs.
The Jai Pol Gate was built by Maharaja Man Singh to celebrate his victory over Bikaner and Jaipur armies. Another gate known as Fateh Pol was constructed by Maharaja Ajit Singh to mark his victory against the Mughals.
One part of the fort has been converted into a museum which has a large collection of royal palanquins. This museum contains 14 display rooms adorned with royal weapons, ornaments and costumes. Moreover, visitors can see four period rooms like Moti Mahal, Phool Mahal, Sheesha Mahal and Jhanki Mahal.
Moti Mahal, also known as the Pearl Palace is the biggest period room of the fort. This palace was built by Raja Sur Singh, where he used to meet all his subjects. Here, tourists can also see the ‘Sringar Chowki’, the imperial throne of Jodhpur.
There are five alcoves which lead to hidden balconies where the five queens of the king used to listen to the court proceedings. Phool Mahal is one of the grandest period rooms of the Mehrangarh Fort. This palace served as a private chamber for the Kings. Also known as the Palace of Flowers, it has a ceiling, rich in gold filigree.
Maharaja Abhai Singh built this palace in the 18th century. The gold was supposedly looted from Ahmedabad after the King's victory over the Mughal warrior, Sarbuland Khan. The royal portraits and Ragmala painting were brought to the palace during the reign of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II.
Sheesha Mahal is adorned with beautiful mirror works. Visitors can see mirror works displaying vibrantly painted religious figures in the palace. It is also known as the 'Hall of Mirrors'.
One can also see the Takhat Vila which was built by Takhat Singh. He was the last ruler of Jodhpur and resident of the Mehrangarh Fort. The architectural design of the Vila displays both traditional and colonial style.
Jhanki Mahal is a beautiful palace from where the royal ladies used to watch the official proceedings being conducted in the courtyard. This palace presently houses a vast collection of royal cradles. These cradles are adorned with gilt mirrors and figures of bird, elephants and fairies.
Umaid Bhawan Palace is named after its founder Maharaja Umaid Singh. This beautiful palace is also known as ‘Chittar Palace’ owing to its location on the Chittar Hill. It is a perfect example of Indo-colonial and art deco architectural styles. Art deco is a dominating architectural style, and its origin can be traced back to the 1920s and 1930s.
The palace was constructed by putting together the chiselled sandstones in such a way that each sandstone interlocked with the other. No mortar binding was used during the construction of the palace.
This uniqueness attracts tourists in large numbers to visit this palace. The architect of this beautiful palace is Henry Vaughan, an Englishman. One part of the palace has been converted into a heritage hotel while the rest remains as a museum.
Umaid Bhawan Palace Museum displays a wide range of antique items used by the royal families of Jodhpur. This museum contains model aeroplanes, weapons, antique clocks, bob watches, crockery, cutlery, rocks, photographs and hunting trophies. This unique collection of antique items gives the feel of royal splendour of Jodhpur. The museum remains open from 9 am to 5 pm.
Jaswant Thada is located on the left side of the Mehrangarh Fort complex. This is a beautiful marble cenotaph of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II, the 33rd Rathore ruler of Jodhpur. This monument was built by his son, Maharaja Sardar Singh in the 19th century. It is also known as ‘Taj Mahal of Marwar’ owing to its intricate marble carvings. The main memorial was built in the shape of a temple.
Ghanta Ghar is a beautiful clock tower, built by late Shri Sardar Singh of Jodhpur. The Sadar Market is a popular shopping zone located near this tower. Tourists can shop for Rajasthani textiles, clay figurines, miniature camels and elephants, marble inlay work and classic silver jewellery at reasonable prices in this market.
Kailana Lake is a small artificial water body located on the Jaisalmer Road. This is a popular picnic spot which is renowned for its natural beauty. Boating on the lake is facilitated by the Rajasthan Tourism Development Corporation.
This lake has another part known as Takhat Sagar Lake which is located around 10 km away from Jodhpur city. This lake is named after King Takhat Singh who ruled Jodhpur during the 19th century.
Mahamandir Temple is an architectural marvel located at a distance of 2 km from Jodhpur on the Mandore Road. It was built in the year 1812. This tranquil shrine is supported by 84 pillars, and the walls are adorned with various postures of yoga and traditional motifs as well. The complex of the temple has many ancient shrines which display intricate stone work.
Rai Ka Bag Palace is located close to the Rai Ka Bag Railway Station. It was built by Hadiji, the queen of Jaswant Singh-I, in the year 1663. This octagonal bungalow was one of the favourite palaces of King Jaswant Singh-II.
The public ground of the palace was used to host the audience during the visit of Swami Dayanand Saraswati to Jodhpur in the year 1883. According to a belief, the King used to listen to this saint in this palace only. Presently, this palace houses the income-tax office of Jodhpur.
Machiya Safari Park is situated on the Jodhpur-Jaisalmer Route at a distance of 9 km from the Jodhpur city. It is a popular site for sightseeing and picnics. This park is a natural habitat of monitor lizards, desert foxes, blue bulls, mongoose, rabbits, wild cats and monkeys. Also, this is a perfect spot for the birdwatchers to see various rare species of birds. The park also has a fort, from where one can enjoy the mesmerising view of the sunset.
Mandore Garden is a popular attraction of Mandore, which was the earlier capital of the Marwar kings. It is famous for its tall rock terrace which attracts tourists from across the country. Here, the visitors can also see cenotaphs of former rulers of Jodhpur. These cenotaphs or dewals were built in the design of a Hindu temple, unlike the traditional chhatra shaped style. These dewals have four storeys, beautiful spires and columns which are adorned with red sandstones. The dewal of Maharaja Ajit Singh is the most attractive of all as it is situated in a beautiful landscaped garden. There are two halls located close to the Mandore Garden known as The Shrine of the Three Hundred Million and Hall of Heroes.
The Shrine of the Three Hundred Million is adorned with various colourful images of Hindu deities. The Hall of Heroes is dedicated to Rajput folk heroes. Visitors can see here various statues of these heroes which have been intricately carved out of rock and painted with vivid colours.
The ruined Mandore city can be seen from the hill top in the garden. There is another beautiful cenotaph of queens, located near the hill.
Zenana Mahal was the palace of the queens during the historical period. It is located at a distance of 5 km from the Jodhpur city. According to a belief, this palace was built in order to safeguard women. For this, it was guarded by eunuchs day and night. The rock carvings and sandstones enhance the beauty of the palace.
The Government Museum is located in the middle of Umed Public Garden. This museum contains a massive collection of armoury, textiles, miniature paintings, manuscripts, portraits of rulers, local arts and crafts.
Chamunda Mata Temple is a royal shrine built by Rao Jodha, the founder of Jodhpur. He brought this deity to Jodhpur in the year 1460. This temple is located close to the southern gate of Mehrangarh Fort. It had been a favourite place of worship for the royal families of Jodhpur. On the eve of the Dussehra Festival, this shrine is visited by large numbers of devotees.
Jai Pol, located on a hill at a distance of about 5 km from Jodhpur city, is one of the historic structures present in the magnificent Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur. The meaning of Jai Pol is the 'gate of victory' and it is the most famous of the seven gates present in the imposing fort.
Jai Pol was constructed in 1806 by the then ruler of Marwar, Maharaja Man Singh. This gate was built to celebrate the triumph of Marwar over the arch rival kingdoms of Jaipur and Bikaner. The scars made by the cannon balls during the old battle can still be seen on the walls near the gate.
Chokelao Bagh is a beautiful garden founded by Maharajah Abhai Singh in the year 1739. It is located in the complex of Mehrangarh Fort. The garden has been renovated over the last ten years. The garden has plants which can survive for a long time, especially during the hot summer months.
This garden is divided into three terrace areas, and each area is designed uniquely. Tourists can relax in the beautiful garden which is adorned with trees like banana, dessert apple, pomegranate, orange and jasmine.