Hawa Mahal is a renowned monument constructed by Sawai Pratap Singh, the poet king of Jaipur in 1799. The five-storeyed building located near the Johari Bazaar is made of red and pink sandstone. The structure was designed by Lal Chand Usta and has more than 950 windows. The palace was built for the women of the palace so that they could enjoy the view of royal processions through the jali screens. There is an archaeological museum located in the building.
Amber Fort was built by Raja Man Singh, Mirza Raja Jai Singh and Sawai Jai Singh in a period of about 200 years. It was the capital of the rulers of Kachchawaha for almost seven years before Jaipur came into existence.
The fort, which is located on the banks Mootha Lake, has palaces, pavilions, halls, temples and gardens. Elephant rides are available for the tourists so that they can enjoy the views of the palace from the top of the jumbo. There is a beautiful temple dedicated to the Hindu Goddess Shila Mata in the complex of the palace. Diwan-e-Aam, Sheesh Mahal, Ganesh Pole, Sukh Niwas, Jas Mandir, Dilaram Bagh and Mohan Bari are some of the other tourist attractions of Amber Fort.
Nahargarh Fort was built by the king of Jaipur, Sawai Jai Singh. The construction work of the fort was completed in 1734 and the towering walls and bastions were renovated in 1880 by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh. The fort, nestled in the Aravalli Mountain Ranges, is a beautiful amalgamation of the Indian and the European styles of architecture.
It was named after Nahar Singh, the prince of Jaipur. It is believed that his soul used to interrupt the construction work of the fort and was calmed down only after a temple was constructed inside the fort premises, in his memory. The word Nahargarh means the abode of tigers. In the fort, there is a Madhavendra Bhavan, which used to be a summer resort for the kings and their families.
Now the place has become a popular picnic spot. Travellers can even find a cafeteria and a restaurant in the complex of the fort.
Jal Mahal is a beautiful palace situated amid a small lake in Jaipur. The palace was built as a hunting lodge for the kings and their families. The Jal Mahal can be seen from the banks of the lake.
Sheesh Mahal is located inside the Amber Fort and is popularly known as Hall of Mirrors. The hall is a part of the Jai Mandir and is beautifully decorated with mirrors. The mirrors on the ceilings and walls reflect light rays and lighten up the hall completely. Raja Jai Singh, the king of Jaipur, constructed it in 1623 for meeting with his special guests. The glasses installed in the hall were specially imported from Belgium.
Jantar Mantar in Jaipur is the largest of the five astronomical observatories of India and was founded by King Sawai Jai Singh II. This observatory is enlisted as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is described as "an expression of the astronomical skills and cosmological concepts of the court of a scholarly prince at the end of the Mughal period."
Quality marble and stone were used in the building of this observatory. The Ram Yantra (or the instrument used for measuring altitudes) present here is unique in its own way and represents the astronomical skills of the maharaja. Other important instruments that can be seen here include Dhruva, Dakshina, Narivalaya, Rashivalayas, Small Samrat, Large Samrat, the Observer's Seat, Disha, Small Ram, Large Ram Yantra, Small Kranti, Large Kranti, Raj Unnathamsa, Jai Prakash and Diganta.
Akshardham Temple is one of the well-known tourist attractions of Jaipur. The temple, located in Vaishali Nagar, is noted for its beautiful architecture, magnificent idols, sculptures and carvings. This shrine is dedicated to the Hindu God Narayan.
Albert Hall was built by Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh in 1886 as a part of the drought relief project of Rs 4 Lacs. It is located in Ram Niwas Bagh, a picturesque garden of Jaipur. The building was designed by Sir Swinton Jacob. Nowadays, Albert Hall is being used as a museum displaying a grand collection of metal sculptures, paintings, ivory, carpets and colourful crystals. A zoo and the Ravindra Rang Manch (theatre) are located nearby. The Albert Hall Museum is open to visitors from 9 am to 5 pm. The entry fee is quite nominal, standing at Rs 20 for Indians and Rs 150 for foreign tourists.
Govind Dev Ji Temple, dedicated to the Hindu Lord Krishna, is located in the Jai Niwas Garden. The idol of the deity was originally kept in a temple of Vrindavan, but later the king of Jaipur, Sawai Jai Singh II, reinstalled it here as his family deity. It is one of the most popular shrines of Jaipur, which attracts a large number of devotees every year.
Jaigarh Fort, also known as the Fort of Victory, is one of the noted tourist attractions of Jaipur located 15 km from the main city. It is perched at an elevation of 400 ft from the Amber Fort on the Hill of Eagles. The fort has two main entrances known as the Dungar Darwaza and the Awani Darwaza, which face the south and the east directions respectively. The Sagar Talav located in the fort is the main water storage system of the fort.
The fort was constructed to serve the military purposes and its walls covered an area of around 3 km. On the top of the fort, there is a huge cannon called Jaivan, weighing 50 tonnes. Possessing an 8 m long barrel, the cannon is counted among the largest cannon on wheels across the globe. The highest point of the fort is the Diya Burj, a seven-storeyed structure providing a panoramic view of the entire city.
Rumour has it that there is a treasure buried in the fort. The fort also has a museum where ancient coins, cannons and puppets are displayed.
Ram Niwas Bagh is a picturesque garden that was constructed as a famine relief project during the 19th century by Maharaja Ram Singh. This big park boasts of a sports complex and a zoo along with a herbarium museum. An added attraction is the Albert Hall Museum, designed by Sir Swinton Jacob, a British architect who styled palaces for many of the rulers of Rajasthan, and who was renowned for his experiments with Indo-Saracenic architecture by combining the best features of English and North Indian architecture.
Anokhi Museum of Hand Printing is located in the old Chanwar Palki Walon ki Haveli. It is a charitable foundation working for the preservation of the traditional works of the artists of Jaipur. The NGO provides training as well as employment opportunities to the budding artists. The main aim of this foundation is to renew the ancient tradition of hand block printing. In the museum, there is a cafe and a shop selling handmade items including cards, jewellery and clothes.
Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh is a popular garden located at a distance of around 8 km from the Jaipur city. It was constructed in 1728 by King Sawai Jai Singh for his Sisodia Queen. The architecture of the garden is inspired by the Indian and the Mughal styles of architecture and comprises fountains, galleries and painted pavilions. Visitors to the garden can also see the idols and paintings of the Hindu God Krishna and Radha displaying their beautiful love story. The garden now also functions as a great venue for marriages and other functions.
Moti Doongri or the Pearl Hill is popular due to the presence of a palace and a shrine. The palace here is an imitation of a Scottish castle and was home to Sawai Man Singh II, the last king of Jaipur. Later, it became the residence of Jagat Singh, the son of Sawai Man Singh II. A temple dedicated to the Hindu Lord Ganesh is located on top of the hill.
City Palace is a popular heritage site situated in the heart of Jaipur. It is one of the magnificent buildings of the city. This beautiful palace was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh, the founder of Jaipur. The palace is a beautiful amalgamation of the Rajput and the Mughal styles of architecture.
There is the Mubarak Mahal (or the palace of welcome) at the entrance of the complex. It was constructed in the 19th century by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh and was used as a reception area. Now, this building has turned into a museum devoted to King Sawai Man Singh II of Jaipur. A variety of royal attire along with Banarasi silk sarees and Pashmina shawls are put on display in the museum. The heavy clothes worn by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh I (1750-1768) can also be seen here.
Maharani Palace or Queen’s Palace is present in the complex of City Palace and proudly exhibits ancient Rajput weapons. The museum contains ivory-handled swords, chain armours, guns, pistols, cannons, poison-tipped blades and pouches of gunpowder. Amongst all, the scissor-action dagger is the most notable weapon. Some of these weaponry dates back to the 15th century.
City Palace is open to visitors from 9 am to 5 pm and charges an entry fee of Rs 75 from Indians and Rs 300 from foreign tourists.