The Baidyanath Dham or Baidyanath Temple, one of the twelve Jyotirlingams in India is one of the major tourist destinations of Jharkhand. There is a very famous story behind the foundation of this temple. According to Hindu mythology, Lord Shiva impressed by Ravana's prayer gave him a lingam which Ravana had to carry to his kingdom by completing an uninterrupted journey.
The gods were not happy to let the divine lingam pass on to the enemy kingdom and so Lord Vishnu disguised himself as a brahmin and successfully made Ravana drop the lingam and thus it remains in Deoghar. The temple was established in the year 1596. The lost lingam was found by a man named Baiju and then it was named as the Baidyanath temple.
In the Puranas, the significance of Baidyanath is also given. It is also a shaktipith. Naulakha Temple is also situated nearby. Every year the famous Shravani Mela is held in Jharkhand and thousands of devotees visit the temple during this 30-day festival.
The devotees of Lord Shiva offer the holy water on the Shiva lingam. However, the small shops and the small eateries around the place selling a variety of delicacies and local sweets like peda are also a major draw for the tourists visiting there. The temple opens at 4 am in the morning and closes at 9 pm at night.
Shivganga is a small pond of water and this water of the pool is considered holy. People believe that bathing in this holy water can cure many diseases. Shivganga is situated 200 m away from the Baidyanath temple. Many devotees take a holy dip in the water before visiting the temple.
There is also a small Shiva temple near Shivganga. According to Hindu mythology, Lord Shiva had created this pool of water by striking his fist on the earth, when he was not able to find water to wash his hands after urination. He was on his way to Lanka. He wanted to purify his hands before carrying the lingam in his hands.
Ramkrishna Mission Vidyapeeth was founded in the year 1922 as a branch of the Ramkrishna Mission in Kolkata established by Swami Vivekananda. It is an educational institute for young boys only and gives education based on the teachings and the principles of Swami Vivekananda.
It is a residential school and is one of the oldest institutes of Ramkrishna Mission. The campus is beautifully surrounded with green trees and many playgrounds. All kinds of facilities are available for students and their all-round development. The school is run by the monks of the mission and people from all over the world come here.
The Mission also works for the spreading of spiritual and cultural ideas through the publication of religious books, events and meetings. Medical services are also available on the campus. In the heart of the campus, there is a universal temple where festivals and daily prayers are held.
Ramkrishna Darshan is an exhibition which is held throughout the year. It also has a museum and this part is known as the Sarada Darshan.
Located on the western side of Deoghar, the beautiful Nandan Hills is a famous tourist spot. There is a Shiv temple and a Nandi temple on the hills. A large statue of Nandi, the vehicle of Lord Shiva is situated there. A park for children is also there.
It has a boot house, a ghost house and a mirror house and many rides for the children. Boating facilities and Russian swing are also available. One can enjoy a panoramic view of the town from the Nandan hills.
Trikut Hills, famous for the Trikutachal Mahadeva Temple is situated 10 km away from Deoghar. The temple is situated on this 2470 ft high hill at the mouth of the river Mayurakshi. This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. There are three main peaks and hence named as Trikut and the scenic beauty of the hills makes it a favourable spot for tourists.
There is a Trikutachal Ashram located amidst the hills. This ashram was established by Sampadananda Dev and was later run by his followers. There is also an altar dedicated to Goddess Trishuli.
Established in the year 1946 by Thakur Ankulchandra, the holy Satsang Ashram is a major tourist attraction of Deoghar. The devotees follow the ideals based on four basic principles of agriculture, education, marriage and history.
The Ashram preaches the Arya Dharma. There is a museum and a zoo located in the area. The Satsang has set up many charitable hospitals and schools for the welfare of the common people. There are also publishing houses and a printing press established by the Satsang members.
The Devasangha Math, founded by Narendra Nath Brahmacharya is an ashram. It is situated 3 km away from the Baidyanath temple. The Math has a Navadurga temple which has an idol of Goddess Durga.
The temple was built in the year 1955, and a large number of devotees visit the temple throughout the year. The Durga Puja celebration is held yearly here. Images of Lord Krishna and other gods are also there in the temple.