There is a small town known as Bordumsa in the Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh. With an elevation of 150 m, Bordumsa has a population of about 25,368. This town is mainly the home of a local tribe called Singpho. Also, this town is inhabited by various other tribes such as Tai-Khampti, Tai-Khamyang and Tai-Phake.
'Bordumsa' is said to be a combination of two words, 'bor' which means 'big' and 'dumsa' which is one of the titles of the Singpho tribe, the original inhabitants of this town. A lot of tribals belonging to different tribes can still be seen at Bordumsa. Additionally, some of the prominent villages of the Bordumsa Circle are Dumsa-village, Goju, Gelenja, Lalung, Giding, Kherem and so on.
The locals of this town are religious and take part in the tribal and Hindu festival with enthusiasm. With its vast tea plantations and Buddhist shrines, the town of Bordumsa has become one among the major tourist attractions of Arunachal Pradesh.
There is a beautiful Buddha Mandir found at Goju, in Bordumsa, along with a huge statue of Buddha at the busy town square. There is also a Shiva Mandir which should not be missed seeing.
Daying Ering Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the most popular parks of the state. It is a perfect spot for ecotourism. A major portion of the sanctuary constitutes of alluvial grasslands and the rest of the area is covered by the woods and water. It is surrounded by the river Siang (also called as Brahmaputra) which gives it a picturesque view.
The sanctuary is spread over an area of about 190 sq km and is known for the beautiful view of migratory birds from places like Siberia and Mongolia. Birdwatching here is, thus, a favourite activity to the tourists and the natives alike.
Daying Ering wildlife sanctuary is just 13 km from Pasighat, the gateway to Arunachal Pradesh.
Conjoining the Sessa Orchid Sanctuary to the Northeast is the Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary, which is also a protected area at the foothills of the Himalayas, at the West Kameng District. The Red Eagle Division of the Indian Army was posted in this area during the 1950s, and hence the name 'Eaglenest'.
To the east of this sanctuary is the Kameng River. Due to the large variety of bird species seen at the Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary, it is a famous Birding Sight for the visitors. The Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary is safeguarded from timber and animal poaching, mostly because it is isolated.
As this sanctuary has an unpaved road which allows access to the entire altitudinal range, it becomes easier for the military, scientists and eco-tourists to get here. As a major birding site, the Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary houses about 454 species of birds, some of the prominent ones being Cormorants, Black Stork, Oriental White Ibis, Ducks, Hawks, Nightjars, Vultures, Fairy-Bluebirds, Larks, Flycatchers, Kingfishers and so on.
Along with birds, Eaglenest Sanctuary is also the home of 15 species of mammals such as the endangered Capped Langur, Bengal Tiger, Asian Elephant, Red Panda, Asiatic Black Bear etc.
In addition, this wildlife sanctuary also has 34 different species of amphibians, 24 species of snakes and 7 species of lizards. Eaglenest also includes a few rare species such as the Darjeeling False-wolf snake and the Gunther's Kukri Snake.
Itanagar is widely renowned for the archaeological sites present throughout the capital city. Ita Fort (the Fort of Bricks) is one of the most captivating sites of Arunachal Pradesh. The name Itanagar originated from Ita Fort which has an irregular construction. Being situated in the heart of the city, the fort is easily accessible from any corner.
The history of the fort dates back to 14-15th century. Bricks used for the construction were of 16,200 cubic metre length. Some historians relate the bricks to the ruling period of Ramachandra of Mayapur. He was the king of the Jitari Dynasty. More than 80 lakh bricks were used to construct this historical fort.
Even centuries after the fort stands towering, full of dignity and nobility. Brick is known as 'Ita' in Ahom language, and that is from where the name originates. The fort can be entered from three different sides - western, eastern and southern sides. Some of the archaeological findings from the fort are conserved at Jawaharlal Nehru Museum, Itanagar.
Parashuram Kund is a pilgrimage centre situated 24 km northeast of Tezu and is dedicated to Lord Parashuram. The place is considered as an important pilgrimage centre for the tourists. Thousands of pilgrims visit this place from all parts of India every year during the Parasuram mela held in the month of January. The divine beauty of the area will definitely mesmerize a nature lover.
Patum Bridge is located on the Yomgo river. It is a cable bridge for vehicle transportation and a way for people to easily commute. It is also an important tourist attraction in Along as one can have a magnificent view of the entire city from the bridge.
At night, the bridge looks beautiful as it gleams with lights. Behind the bridge, an enticing view of the mountains covered with snow soothes the eyes.
The beautiful Sally Lake situated 3 km away from Roing is a famous tourist spot and a popular picnic spot. This natural lake is surrounded by lush greenery and gives an opportunity to nature lovers to gaze at the colourful play of nature. A variety of fishes can be seen in the lake. There is also a tourist lodge for the visitors and tourists.
Talley Valley in Ziro offers an adventure seeker with ample number of opportunities to rejoice every aspect of nature. It is famous for trekking and is an ideal tourist spot. The beautiful alpine forests and bamboo, orchid, rhododendron and fir trees create a visual treat for the tourists.
The famous Talley Valley Wild Life Sanctuary is located 30 km away from Ziro in Arunachal Pradesh. It is situated on a plateau. This wildlife sanctuary, as declared by the government of Arunachal Pradesh, is a home to many plants and animals as well as many endangered species.
One of the rare species here is the clouded leopard. It has a natural botanical garden which has a large variety of exotic orchids. The Talley Valley comprises of almost 40% of the total flora and fauna of the country. Pange Camp is the entrance to the sanctuary.
Rivers like Karing, Sipu and Subansiri flow through the sanctuary. One can visit during the agricultural season between February and October to experience the vibrant and unique colours of nature in the whole world.
The Tawang Monastery is the largest monastery in India and second largest in Asia and was founded by Merak Lama Lodre in 1680 - 1681 AD. The monastery is located 180 km from Bomdila in Tawang district of Arunachal Pradesh.
This monastery is also known as Galden Namgyal Lhatse and is perched on a hill 10,000 feet above sea level. The main attractions of the monastery are the 28-feet-high golden statue of Lord Buddha and an imposing three-storied assembly hall. The monastery also has a huge library with an impressive collection of ancient books and manuscripts and these manuscripts are believed to be of the 17th century.
According to beliefs, a mythical horse chose the site for the monastery when Merak Lama, the founder of the monastery, had difficulty finding a place to build the structure. Tawang is the coining of the two words with “Ta” meaning horse and “Wang” meaning chosen. Since the place was blessed by the celestial horse, the word Tawang was coined.
Dong is a small hamlet in the easternmost part of India and it has the privilege of having the first sunrise in India. It is located near Walong circle at a distance of about 200 km from Tezu. The spectacular view of snow-capped mountains and the blue pine forest is worth watching besides having a glimpse of the first sunray.
The Gontse Gaden Rabgyel Lling monastery, also famous as the GRL Monastery, houses the Buddhist Lamas and monks at Bomdila. It is also recognized as one of the major centres of the Lamaistic faith of Mahayana Buddhism.
The GRL monastery is situated in the Western Kameng District of Arunachal Pradesh and was built by the 12th reincarnate of Tsona Gontse Rinpoche in 1965–66. The main Gompa has three divisions, namely, the Lower Gompa, the Middle Gompa and the Upper Gompa.
The Upper Gompa is considered to be the main monastery. While the Lower Gompa is situated at the end of the main market area, depicting the richness of Tibetan architecture, the Middle Gompa can be found at about 2 km from the main market.
There is a vast prayer hall inside the Lower Gompa. Popular belief says that ringing the bell of the Gompa fulfils one's wishes. At the Middle Gompa, there is the Blue Medicine Buddha, which is also known as the Lord of Medications, as this deity is believed to cure diseases, by the locals.
People perform prayers and meditation to undergo healing. The Middle Gompa is the oldest of all three gompas. Apart from the Lower and the Middle Gompas, the GRL Monastery also has the Upper Gompa which is the main part of the monastery. It houses a school for the monk's children, along with a prayer hall and a Buddha temple.
The Upper gompa has proven to be a major tourist attraction over the years for its peaceful Buddhist preachings. As this Gompa comprises of a vibrant building surrounded by the serene atmosphere, it gives the visitors unmatched peace of mind. This Gompa is said to be a replica of the Tsona Gontse monastery at Tsona of southern Tibet. There is a prayer hall in the GRL monastery where the Lamas and the monks offer prayers.
The Lamas live at a residential quarters which is located near the main gompa. The senior Lamas of the monastery engage in educating the younger Lamas about the Tantrayana practices and the monastic way of life.
The bridges are made of ropes and bamboos and appear like they are hanging. These small bridges are made for the local people to easily access one point from another. These are 60 m to 70 m in length and connect the tribal people to the other hilly areas of the region.
Fishing is one of the activities that can be enjoyed at the spot.
Museums round the globe are dedicated to the conservation of objects related to science, culture, tradition and history. Jawaharlal Nehru State Museum is one such museum situated at Itanagar in Arunachal Pradesh. It was established in 1980 and is dedicated to tribal collections of the state.
Through the collections visitors are able to get an idea about the lifestyle and culture of the region. The museum showcases archaeological artefacts apart from clothing, weapons, jewellery, headdress, music instruments and handicraft. Due to its unique and interesting collections, the museum has grabbed the attention of the visitors throughout the world.
A kaleidoscopic view through the museum focuses on the wood carvings, household articles and textiles. A workshop run by the Handicrafts Centre specializes in cane products. An informative library is also present there which helps to broaden one's spectrum of knowledge.
A bust of Jawaharlal Nehru welcomes tourists at the entrance gate. Ground floor of the Museum displays musical instruments, traditional art, handicrafts and religious objects. Handicrafts are mainly made out of regional wood carving and cane products.
First floor of the museum comprises of historical findings from Ita Fort, Malinithan and Noksparbat in West Siang district. Museum shop stocks tribal products which travellers can have as souvenir.
Jawaharlal Nehru Museum proudly displays the entire expedition gear of Tapi Mra since 2011. He is the first person to climb Mt. Everest from Arunachal Pradesh.
Yet another charming town of the state of Arunachal Pradesh is Nampong. This town is situated in the Changlang District and is close to the Pangsau Pass. With an elevation of 308 m, Nampong, in the earlier days, was located on the infamous Ledo Road which was also known as Stilwell Road.
Stilwell Road was named after General Joseph Stilwell. Because of the landslides that occurred often and the harsh working conditions, this area was nicknamed the “Hell Pass”. Nampong is famous as the last town in the Eastern Corner of India, sharing its boundary with Myanmar.
Every month people are let into Myanmar through the Pangsau Pass. The Tangsas being the predominant tribe of Nampong, there are also other sub tribes within the Tangsas such as the Tikhak, Muklom, Havi, Longchang, Mossang, Jugli, Kimsing, Ponthai, Sangwal and so on.
Most of these tribes are said to be of Mongoloid descent. Legends say that the Tangsas originated at a hill known as Masoi Sinarupam in Myanmar, after which they migrated to their present day habitat in the early 18th century.
Initially they were said to be followers of the Bon Faith, which involves ceremonial slaughter of animals. But over time these tribes have converted to Buddhism and Christianity. Being a harmonious and hard-working community, the Tangsa are mainly agriculturists. Apart from that, these tribals are also experts in making handicrafts and woodcarving.
The Tangsas are well-known for their hospitality. The main attraction of Nampong is the Pangsau Pass Winter Festival which is organized every year on the 20th, 21st and 22nd of January.
Pangin is a small village which is just 60 km from Pasighat. It is located at the Pangin Mandal in the East Siang district in Arunachal Pradesh. It is located at a beautiful place where river Siyom meets river Siang.
Apart from the splendid views offered by the green and blue nature of Pangin, the place is also known for its variety of medicinal plants and other herbs. Zoologists consider this village as a great resource of study as it is rich with wildlife too.
This is one place that makes you feel better if you are a nature lover. Explore this place to know what these lovely surroundings have in store for the nature lover in you.