Bodhgaya is the place where Prince Gautama Siddharta became Buddha, the enlightened one. It is one of the most important pilgrimage places for Buddhists.
Before his awakening, Buddha was a prince of the small kingdom of Kapilavastu, in modern day Nepal. Deeply disturbed by the suffering that he happened to witness, the young prince became a wandering ascetic, searching for the meaning of life. His wanderings took him to the banks of the river Falgu in the district of Gaya in Bihar. Here, he sat in meditation under a bodhi tree, for three days and three nights. At the end of this period, he received enlightenment.