Kashi Vidyapeeth, named Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth in 1995, was the epicenter of the freedom movement of India against the British.
The Vidyapeeth owes its origin to Babu Shiva Prasad Gupta, a renowned nationalist and educationist. He built it with the help of Mahatma Gandhi and another social worker, Dr.Bhagwan Das who also became its first vice chancellor. Incidentally, Babu Shiv Prasad Gupta was also the moving spirit behind the establishment of the renowned Bharat Mata Temple in Banaras.
The Vidyapeeth, which was accorded the status of Deemed University by the U.G.C. in 1963 was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi on Basant Panchami Day, the 10th February, 1921 amidst readings from Bhagwad Geeta and Quran.
Its first board of management comprised eminent patriots like Mahatma Gandhi, Lala Lajpat Rai, Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru, Jamuna Lal Bajaj, Acharya Narendra Dev, P.D.Tandon besides, and of course, Babu Shiva Prasad Gupta and Dr. Bhagwan Das.
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Some of the illustrious alumni of the Vidyapeeth include Chandra Shekhar Azad, Pt. Kamlapati Tripathi, Lal Bahadur Shastri, B.V.Keskar, Mananathnath Gupt, Bhola Paswan Shastri, Ram Krishna Hegde and Prof. Raja Ram Shastri among many others.