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Interesting Facts About Konark Sun Temple

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Updated: Tuesday, September 13, 2016, 16:21 [IST]
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The temples of India are unique for its rich architecture and the interesting legends behind them. From devotees to travellers, these temples see a rush of people from every part of the world. The Konark Sun Temple is one such wonder which you would find interesting.

The name Konark derives from the Sanskrit words 'kona' and 'ark' which mean 'angle' and 'the Sun' respectively, and the temple is dedicated to Sun God Surya. Let's check out some of the interesting facts about this temple.

konark sun temple

Konark Sun Temple
Photo Courtesy: Supriya.ratnaparkhi 

12 pairs of wheels

The 12 stone-carved wheels of the Konark Sun Temple represent the 12 months of a year. These wheels that are found at the base of the temple, also show time. The spokes of the wheel form the shape of a sundial. The exact time of the day can be calculated seeing the shadow cast by the wheels.

The Spokes of Each Wheel

Each structure built in Konark Sun Temple represents the passage of time. Each wheel here has 8 spokes, each representing a 'prahar' which is a 3-hour period, adding up to 24 hours which is a day.

konark sun temple

Wheel at Konark Sun Temple
Photo Courtesy: Mohamed A. 

Seven Horses

The temple is shaped in the form of a huge sun chariot. This chariot is drawn by 7 horses, which represents seven days of a week.

UNESCO World Heritage Site

The temple is one of the UNESCO sites in India for its unique model of antique architecture. It is also featured in various lists of Seven Wonders of the World.

konark sun temple

The Sculpture at the Entrance
Photo Courtesy: BOMBMAN 

Depiction of Wealth and Power

At the entrance of the Sun Temple, you can find two lions at either sides of the entrance, that are seen crushing an elephant each. Beneath each elephant is a human being.

Here, lion represents power and the elephant portrays wealth. The whole illustration symbolises the major problems faced by man in his life - money and power.

konark sun temple

Sculptures at Sun Temple
Photo Courtesy: G41rn8

Black Pagoda

The temple was also known as Black Pagoda or Kaala Pagoda by the European sailors, as the temple was dark in colour and a major landmark for the sailors.

Sculptures Of Daily Pursuits of Life

Like the temples of Khajuraho, the Sun Temple at Konark also has an abundance of sculptures that depict kama, artha, dharma and moksha that are the four major pursuits of life.

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