Monuments of Bihar are the most popular tourist destinations for both the national and international tourists. These heritage monuments are found all over the state of Bihar. Cities like Patna, Bhagalpur, Gaya, Vaishali and Sasaram are some of the most visited monuments of Bihar. These ancient buildings represent the culture and education of the bygone eras. These can be classified as historical monuments and religious monuments. Bihar is believed to be the only state with the history of more than 3000 years and considered as the oldest dwelling places in the world.
The presence of numerous ancient monuments represents the rich culture and heritage of the state. Beautiful heap of ruins of ancient monuments still exist in Bihar. Forts, caves and tombs are a regular feature of the Bihar topography. The rich architectural monuments of Bihar makes it an ideal destination for travellers those who love history.
Read about some of the most historical monuments of Bihar that can be visited during your trip to the ancient city of Bihar.
Caves at Barabar Hills, Jehanabad
These caves are oldest surviving rock-cut caves in India. These caves are situated in the twin hills of Barabar and Nagarjuni hills. These caves were created at Barabar Hills during Maurya period of 323 BC - 185 BC and is dedicated to Ajivaka Cult. The caves were used extensively by monks belonging to the Ajivika sect. The best time for travellers visiting the caves are from October to March. Travellers need to carry food and water while visiting the caves.
Tomb of Makhdoom Yaya Maneri, Patna
Makhdoom Yaya Maneri was an Indian Sufi saint of 13th century. His tomb lies in courtyard of a mosque, located in Maner, 29 km from Patna. This shrine has remained a place of pilgrimage for a long time. The tomb is recommended for travellers visiting Patna.
Rohtasgarh Fort, Rohtas
This Fort is one of the most ancient forts of India located in a small town of Rohtas in Bihar. The fort is perched on a high hilltop and one has to climb about 2,000 odd steps to reach to the top of the fort. Other places of interest near the fort for travellers to visit are The Ganesh Temple, The Rohtasan Temple, The Aina Mahal and Habsh Khan's mausoleum.
Relic Stupa, Vaishali
The Relic Stupa was constructed in the 5th century BC in which the relics or remains of Buddha, his disciples and saints are interred.
Maha Bodhi Temple, Bodh Gaya
The Maha Bodhi temple is believed to have been built by the great Indian emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BC in honour of the Buddha. The walls inside the temple are decorated with scripts depicting Buddha's life. Bodh Gaya can be visited throughout the year. But the best deal is paying a visit in the months between October and March due to the pleasant weather. The Maha Bodhi temple remains open for visitors everyday in the morning and evening.
Vikramshila University, Bhagalpur
The ruins of Vikramshila University is located at about 50 km from Bhagalpur in Bihar and was one of the important and largest Buddhist universities in India. The site is now famous for Vikramshila Mahotsav, a cultural activity held annually during the month of February. There has been inflow of western tourist as well because of the Mahotsav.