It is here in Sarnath that Lord Buddha turned the wheels of dharma and outlined the four noble truths and the eight fold path. It is in Sarnath that Buddhism took roots, flourished and then spread to the rest of the world. It is little wonder then that Sarnath attracts pilgrims and Buddhist scholars from several countries such as Tibet, China, Japan and Thailand.
The people from these countries have also built their temples and set up their centres of learning in the village. One such centre of learning is the Kagyu Tibetan Monastery or the Vajra Vidya Institute set up by Thrangu Rinpoche. The centre is set near the Deer Park where Buddha delivered his first sermon.
The Kagyu Tibetan Monastery, the largest in Sarnath, is built in the style of Nalanda Monastic Institute near Bodh Gaya. Currently, the institute has about 15 monks and 4 nuns in residence who are here to study.