Ushakothi is a wildlife sanctuary that took birth in 1962. With a secure forest area of nearly 300 square kilometers it is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna. Like the Debigarh Wildlife Sanctuary, the Ushakothi sanctuary also has access to the Mahanadi River thanks to the Hirakud dam. The dam lies to the west of the sanctuary.
The forest is of the dry deciduous variety with a jumble of tress like sandalwood, neem, acacia, casuarinas, sal and Arjun. With nearly 35 elephants and 15 tigers, the sanctuary has been well-protected from poachers. Besides the tigers and elephants, the sanctuary boasts of harboring leopards, bison and sambar. Wildlife enthusiasts are bound to get once in a lifetime captures with a water source so close at hand. There is only one cottage with two rooms within the premises of the sanctuary and the permission of the Divisional Forest Officer in Sambalpur is required to stay overnight.