The Botanic Garden is one of the oldest botanical gardens in India dating to before 1750. It was set out by the British East India Company. In 1887, when the Botanical Survey of India was established, Saharanpur became the centre for the survey to study and maintain the flora and fauna of the region.
Today, the garden is considered second only to the Calcutta Botanical Gardens in terms of contributing to research and science and the study of flora and fauna. Several notable researches have been carried out including the introduction and acclimatisation of medicinal plants. The garden is now known as the Horticultural Experiment and Training Centre.