Rohtak is a district in the Indian state of Haryana, with a town by the same name as its capital. It is situated near Delhi and comes under National Capital Region (NCR) II. It is about 70 kms from Delhi and is also the political capital of Haryana. Rohtak is also famous for its dairies, cloth market and educational institutes.
It is believed that Rohtak traces its roots to the times of Indus valley civilization. The Minars that have been excavated at Khokhrakot are typical of the Indus valley times. It also finds mention in Mahabharata as Rohitika.
Rohtak was also possibly the capital of Bahudhanyaka the kingdom of Yaudheyas. The coin moulds of the Yadhyayas of the 3-4 century AD have been discovered in a large number. The fact that the town existed during the Kushanas is testified by the Khushana Pillar Capital found here. The pillar is decorated with carving of winged lions and riders. It is believed that Rohtak continued to flourish till the 10th century AD. Today, Rohtak is home to several educational institutes. It is also famous for the Indian snack, rewri.
Excavations carried out in Rohtak have revealed a Harappan site with painted grey ware artefacts. This site, discovered at village Girawad on the Madina-Samargopalpur road, dates back to the Mahabharata period. You can also visit Tilyar Lake, which is located approximately 42 kilometres form Delhi-Haryana border. The area surrounding the lake is one of the greenest stretches in the region and therefore, attracts a huge number of tourists from Delhi and surrounding areas.
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It also hosts a mini zoo housing animals such as tiger, panther, deer, monkey, birds and many more. Asthal Bohar, a hermitage or a spiritual habitat of the followers of the Guru Gorakh Nath sect, houses a host of relics, ancient discoveries, sculptured stone idols, scriptures, books and several other objects of religious significance.
The Radha Krishan Temple in Maham attracts devotees the year round. You can also visit the Khokar Fort believed to have been constructed by the Khokars. It was a grand and formidable fort in its heyday but now, unfortunately, lies in ruins.
Rohtak is also home to the Jama Masjid which is located in the middle of the town Mayham.According to one inscription found on the mosque, it was built during the reign of Emperor Humayun in 1531 AD But another inscription indicates that it was built during the time of Aurangzeb from 1667-68 AD.
Like every other city in Haryana Rohtak too hosts a holy tank called Goakaran Tank or Gau Karan tank. It is located in the city itself. The complex contains a number of structures of religious importance including shrines of various gods and goddesses.While in Rohtak, you can also visit Bhindawas Lake, which is an ideal destination for weekend picnickers, for bird lovers, photographers and videographers.
The climate of Rohtak is varied in nature.
Rohtak is well connected with road, rail and air.