Poompuhar, or Puhar as it is otherwise known, is a town in the Nagapattinam district of Tamil Nadu. It was famous in ancient times as a bustling port known as Kaveri Puham Pattinam. It was also the temporary capital of the Chola Dynasty that once ruled over Tamil Nadu. Poompuhar is located close to the spot where the river Cauveri flows out into the sea.
Most of the original town was destroyed in 500 AD, apparently by a Tsunami. Even so, several important terracotta figurines and pottery from ancient times have been discovered from Poompuhar. It is also known to be the oldest inhabited area in Tamil Nadu. Poompuhar of today is a bustling town of some 86,000 men, women and children.
Two important landmarks that attract tourists on a yearly basis are the Masilamani Nathar Kovil and the Silappathikara Art Gallery. The Masilamani Nathar Koil was built in the 14th century AD and has borne the brunt of tidal erosion. It still stands as a rare example of the architectural style of that period.
The Silappathikara Art Gallery is a 7 storied structure dedicated to the Tamil epic Silappathikaram. It is a must visit once you are at Poompuhar. Danish Governor Bungalow, Town Gateway, the Poompuhar Beach and the Zion Church are other tourist hotspots of the place.
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Poompuhar is easily approachable via road. The closest cities to Poompuhar are Nagapattinam and Trichy. It is also easily approachable via rail. Poompuhar does not have its own railway station. But the closest place with a railway station is Nagapattinam from which it is easy to get to Poompuhar via bus.
Poompuhar, being a coastal area, experiences a hot and humid climate for most of the year. Summers get extremely hot, but the winter season which is from December to February has a cooler climate than the rest of the year. This is the best time to visit Poompuhar.