Patiala is the third largest city in south-east Punjab and is located at an elevation of 250 metres above sea level. The city, built by Sardar Lakhna and Baba Ala Singh, was fortified by Maharaja Narendra Singh (1845-1862). It is the administrative capital of the Patiala District and is dotted with ramparts and ten gates.
Along with Punjabi, which is widely spoken here, Hindi and English are also used for official purposes. Diwali, Holi, Dusshera, Gurpurab and Baisakhi are the main festivals celebrated in the city. One festival that is only celebrated here is the 'Patiala Heritage Festival', and hence, is an integral part of almost all the itineraries of Patiala tourism. Organised every year in the month of February, it attracts music and art lovers from near and far. The Craft Mela proves to be the biggest attraction that lasts for ten days. The city is popularly known as home of Hindustani Classical Music - the Patiala Gharana.
Patiala tourism has gained momentum owing to numerous sights that attract tourists for its rich cultural heritage. It is home to various forts and gardens, such as the Qila Mubarak Complex, Sheesh Mahal, Bardari Gardens, Qila Androon, Rang Mahal, Maiji Di Sarai, Mall Road and Darbar Hall. There are several tourist attractions close to Patiala as well, like Samana, Banur and Sanaur.
Significant things offered by Patiala
Be it turban (pagri), paranda (a kind of tag for braiding hair), Patiala salwar (a type of female trousers), jutti (a type of footwear) or Patiala peg (a measure of liquor); all these have made Patiala tourism popular. Tourists can buy these for themselves or take back home for someone else. Different types of hotels are available for tourists, ranging from budget to three star hotels.
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Tourists can visit the place by bus, train, taxi or flight. The city is connected by a network of buses and trains, which makes travelling easy for tourists. There are regular trains from prominent cities like Mumbai, Chandigarh and Delhi. The nearest airport is located in Chandigarh, which is approximately 60 km from Patiala.
Patiala has a tropical climate, with summers, monsoons and winters as main seasons. The best time for tourists to visit this city is between October and March. During these months, the city experiences cool breeze and pleasant weather.