Madhya Pradesh popularly known as the 'heart of India' is the second largest state. The history of this state, its geographical location, its natural beauty, its cultural heritage and the people, makes it one of the best Indian tourism destinations. Bhopal being the capital is popularly known as the City of Lakes. Madhya Pradesh Tourism offers all aspects of tourism for tourists to explore and indulge. From watching tigers at the Bandhavgarh National Park to wowing of architecture of the temples at Khajuraho, one can discover the real India.
Topography of Madhya Pradesh
The central location of the state as well as the rich diversity in nature makes it a perfect tourist destination. The high mountain ranges, the wild green forests with the rivers and lakes provide a beautiful harmony between the various elements of nature. The Rivers Narmada and Tapti run parallel to each other and between the two mountain ranges of Vindhya and Satpura. The rich and diverse flora and fauna and the natural beauty of the state is the highlight of Madhya Pradesh Tourism.
History and Cultural Heritage of Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh has witnessed the rule of many rulers of different dynasties. From the Mauryas, the Rashtrakutas and the Guptas in the ancient period to the Bundelas, the Holkars, the Mughals and Scindias, it has seen the rise and fall of about fourteen dynasties. With the rule of different rulers came in different forms of art and architectural styles.
The erotic sculptures at Khajuraho, the majestic Gwalior Fort, the temples at Ujjain and Chitrakoot or the Chattris at Orchha, all are magnificent examples of fine architecture. Khajuraho, Sanchi and Bhimbetka are declared as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.
The tribal culture of Madhya Pradesh is an important part of Madhya Pradesh tourism. The Gonds and the Bhils are the main tribes residing there. The tribal art and handicrafts is a major source of attraction for the tourists.The folk music and dance is the artistic heritage of the country.
Wildlife – An impelling aspect of Madhya Pradesh
The mountains and the green forests areas of the Vindhyas and Satpuras serve as a home to many species. The major attractions of Madhya Pradesh tourism are the wildlife sanctuaries and the Wildlife National Parks. Bandhavgarh National Park, Pench National Park, Van Vihar National Park, Kanha National Park, Satpura National Park, Madhav National Park, Panna National Park are some of the famous tourist places in Madhya Pradesh. A wide variety of birds, animals and plants can be spotted at these sites. Gandhi Sagar Sanctuary in Neemuch is also a famous wildlife sanctuary. Madhya Pradesh today is a popular Eco tourism destination.
Food, Fairs and Festivals of Madhya Pradesh
The variety of cuisines in Madhya Pradesh forms a vital part of Madhya Pradesh Tourism. The food majorly comprises of Rajasthani and Gujarati cuisines. The capital city of Bhopal is famous for its royal food like the seekh and shaami kababs. Jalebis and Cashew barfis are available in almost every sweet shop and in all the places on Madhya Pradesh. However, the food habits differ in every part of the state.The Khajuraho Dance Festival at Khajuraho and the Tansen Music Festival at Gwalior are famous worldwide. The Madai Festival and the Bhagoriya festival are the two most popular tribal festivals held in the villages by the tribal communities.