Very few places in Gujarat have the diversity that Junagadh offers. Located at the foothills of the Girnar range, Junagadh got its name because of Uparkot, a fort built by ChandraGupta Maurya during 320 BC. “Old Fort” as the word Junagadh means the fort at the main center of the city.
Tourist Places in and around Junagadh
Navghan Kuvo and Adi-kadi Vav are a pair of ancient stepwells that were not built, but cut out of solid rock, delved 170 feet into the heart of solid rock to find water at the bottom. The Gir National Park famous for the last Asiatic Lions is the most popular reserve forest of entire Gujarat. Other than that Pania Wildlife Sanctuary and Mitiyala Wildlife Sanctuary are also mentionable. Historical places like the King Ashoka's Edicts, Jama Masjid or the Buddhist are also spots of tourist attraction.
Junagadh is quite ancient as it existed during the reigns of ChandraGupta Maurya and King Ashoka. Inscriptions dating back to the era of the Saka Ruler Mahakshatrap Rudradaman I can also be found. During Mohammad Bahadur Khanji I, the present city of Junagadh was founded. He laid the foundation of the “Babi Dynasty” that ruled the place till the British declared it as a Princely state and Junagadh opted to accede India during the partition.
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All religions; Jainism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam, all those who came here have left some imprint on this city. The old rock-cut Buddhist "caves" found here, date before 500 BC and stone carvings and floral work can be seen on the walls of the caves. Amongst the 33 inscriptions of the Edicts of Ashoka, 14 can be found on a boulder closer to Uparkot.
Alike Buddhism, Junagadh is also an important place for Hinduism and Jainism. On top of the city is Mt. Girnar, a holy site for Hindus and Jains. It can be climbed by a 9999-steps staircase constructed along the peaks with temples on their pinnacles looking as if the peaks are reaching for the sky.
The limits of Junagadh are in bound at the south west by the Arabian Sea, at the north by Porbandar and at the east by Amreli. Two rivers Sonrakh and Kalwo flow in Junagadh. Narsinh Mehta Sarovar, Damodarji, Sudarshan Lake are some lakes of this city. The beaches of Junagadh are Sarkheswar Beach and Madhavpur Beach.
The diverse weather of Junagadhcan be accounted to the arid conditions of the region. The Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Cambay are also have an impact over the diverse weather. Its quite hot during summer and also equally cold in winter.
Rajkot Airport is the nearest airport to Junagadh. The place is well connected by rail and road too.